U.S. Customs and Border Protection has ordered medical checks on every child in its custody after an eight-year-old boy from Guatemala died, marking the second death of an immigrant child in the agency's care this month.
The death, after the boy was taken to a hospital in Alamogordo, N.M., came during an ongoing dispute over border security and with a partial government shutdown underway over U.S. President Donald Trump's request for border wall funding.
The boy, identified by Guatemalan authorities as Felipe Gomez Alonzo, had been in CBP's custody with his father, Agustin Gomez, since Dec. 18. CBP said in a statement late Tuesday that an agent first noticed the boy had a cough and "glossy eyes" at about 9 a.m. Monday. He was eventually hospitalized twice and died just before midnight, the agency said.
CBP said in the statement that it needs the help of other government agencies to provide health care. The agency "is considering options for surge medical assistance" from the U.S. Coast Guard and may request help from the federal Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Defence and the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
A CBP spokesperson could not immediately answer how many children are in the agency's custody. But with border crossings surging, CBP processes thousands of children — both alone and with their parents — every month.
'Just devastating for us'
Immigration advocates and human rights groups sharply criticized CBP in the wake of Felipe's death. The body of seven-year-old Jakelin Caal, who died earlier this month, was returned this past week to her village in Guatemala for burial.
CBP Commissioner Kevin McAleenan said Wednesday the agency has more than 1,500 emergency medical technicians on staff and that officers are taking dozens of sick children to hospitals every day.
"This is an extraordinarily rare occurrence," McAleenan said to CBS This Morning of the recent child deaths. "It's been more than a decade since we've had a child pass away anywhere in a CBP process, so this is just devastating for us."
An agent with the Department of Homeland Security controls access to a holding facility for immigrant children in Tornillo, Texas in this June 21 photo. (Andres Leighton/Associated Press)
Margaret Huang, executive director of Amnesty International USA, said the Trump administration's "policies of cruelty toward migrants and asylum seekers at the border must cease immediately before any more children are harmed."
The White House referred questions about the latest case to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, CBP's parent agency. CBP officers and the Border Patrol remain on the job despite the shutdown.
McAleenan said in a statement that the child's death was a "tragic loss." The agency said it has notified the DHS inspector general.
CBP issued a timeline of what it said happened before Felipe's death.
Felipe was taken with his father to the Alamogordo hospital, where he was diagnosed with a common cold, according to the timeline.
The boy was released just before 3 p.m., about 90 minutes after he had been found to have a fever of 39.4 C, CBP said. He was prescribed amoxicillin and ibuprofen, and taken with his father to a holding facility at a highway checkpoint.
At about 7 p.m., agents helped clean up the boy's vomit. CBP said the father "declined further medical assistance" then.
The agency said its officers repeatedly conducted welfare checks on Felipe and his father, and that agents decided to take the boy back to the hospital at about 10 p.m. because the boy "appeared lethargic and nauseous again." He died at 11:48 p.m. Monday, the agency said.
The hospital, the Gerald Champion Regional Medical Center, declined to comment, citing privacy regulations.
Felipe and his father were detained by CBP for about a week, an unusually long time that the agency did not fully explain Tuesday.
'Independent and thorough review'
CBP typically detains immigrants for no more than a few days when they cross the border before either releasing them or turning them over to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement for longer-term detention.
Agency guidelines say immigrants generally shouldn't be detained for more than 72 hours in CBP holding facilities, which are usually smaller and have fewer services than ICE detention centres.
CBP said it apprehended Felipe and his father on Dec. 18 about five kilometres away from an official port of entry, the Paso del Norte bridge connecting El Paso, Texas, and Juarez, Mexico. They were held at a processing centre for almost two days then taken to the El Paso Border Patrol station on Thursday.
CBP said it moved them to Alamogordo at about 1 a.m. Sunday "because of capacity levels at the El Paso station." Alamogordo is about 145 kilometres from El Paso.
Migrant teens inside the Tornillo camp on Dec. 13. CBP has promised 'an independent and thorough review of the circumstances,' of the deaths of 2 migrant children in its custody. (Andres Leighton/Associated Press)
Oscar Padilla, the Guatemalan consul in Phoenix, said he was told by the boy's father in a telephone interview that the two had been travelling from their home in Nenton, a village about 450 kilometres from Guatemala City. They were planning to go to Johnson City, Tenn.
CBP promised "an independent and thorough review of the circumstances," and the Guatemalan Foreign Ministry called for an investigation "in accordance with due process."
Democratic members of Congress and immigration advocates sharply criticized CBP's handling of Jakelin's death and questioned whether border agents could have prevented it by spotting symptoms of distress or calling for an evacuation by air ambulance sooner.
CBP has said it took several hours to transport Jakelin and her father from a remote Border Patrol facility to a larger station, where her temperature was measured at 40.9 C. Emergency medical technicians had to revive her twice. She was ultimately flown to an El Paso hospital, where she died the next day.
Xochitl Torres Small, a Democrat who will represent the district starting in January, called for a thorough and transparent investigation into the children's deaths and more medical resources along the border.
"This is inexcusable," Torres Small said in a statement Tuesday. "Instead of immediately acting to keep children and all of us safe along our border, this administration forced a government shutdown over a wall."
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