Seven Hong Kong pro-democracy advocates were convicted Thursday on charges of organizing and participating in an unlawful assembly during massive anti-government protests in 2019 that triggered a crackdown on dissent.
The seven include media tycoon and founder of the Apple Daily tabloid Jimmy Lai, as well as 82-year-old Martin Lee, a veteran of the city’s democracy movement. Lai had already been held without bail on other charges related to his pro-democracy activities.
They were convicted for their involvement in a protest held on Aug. 18, 2019. Organizers said that 1.7 million people marched that day in opposition to a proposed bill that would have allowed suspects to be extradited to mainland China for trial.
The activists, apart from those who have been remanded in custody on other charges, were granted bail on condition they do not leave Hong Kong and must hand in all their travel documents.
They will next appear in court on April 16, where mitigation pleas will be heard before sentences are handed down. Taking part in an unlawful assembly or a riot in Hong Kong can result in a maximum sentence of up to 10 years imprisonment for serious offences.
Ahead of the trial, supporters and some of the defendants gathered outside the court, shouting “Oppose political persecution” and “Five demands, not one less,” in reference to demands by democracy supporters that include amnesty for those arrested in the protests as well as universal suffrage in the semi-autonomous territory.
‘We believe in the people of Hong Kong’
“So on this day, in a very difficult situation in Hong Kong, political retaliation is on us,” Lee Cheuk-yan, one of the defendants, said ahead of the court session.
“We will still march on no matter what lies in the future. We believe in the people of Hong Kong, in our brothers and sisters in our struggle, and the victory is ours if the people of Hong Kong are persistent,” he said.
Previously, two other defendants — former pro-democracy lawmakers Au Nok-hin and Leung Yiu-chung — had pleaded guilty to organizing and taking part in an unauthorized assembly.
Hong Kong was rocked by months of protests in the second half of 2019, sparked by the extradition bill. The bill was eventually withdrawn, but the protests expanded to include full democracy and other demands and at times descended into violence between demonstrators and police.
In the aftermath of the protests, Beijing took a tough stance on dissent, imposing a sweeping national security law on Hong Kong and approving electoral reforms that would reduce public participation in elections and exclude critics from running for the city’s legislature.
China had pledged to allow the city to retain freedoms not permitted elsewhere in the country for 50 years when it took Hong Kong back from Britain in 1997, but its recent steps are seen as a betrayal.
About 50 Hong Kong pro-democracy figures were arrested by police on Wednesday under a national security law, following their involvement in an unofficial primary election last year held to increase their chances of controlling the legislature, according to local media reports.
Those arrested included former lawmakers and pro-democracy activists, and the group were arrested on suspicion of subversion under the territory’s national security law, according to reports by local newspaper South China Morning Post and online news platform Now News.
At least seven members of Hong Kong’s Democratic Party — the territory’s largest opposition party — were arrested, including former party chairman Wu Chi-wai. Former lawmakers, including Helena Wong, Lam Cheuk-ting, and James To, were also arrested, according to a post on the party’s Facebook page.
Benny Tai, a key figure in Hong Kong’s 2014 Occupy Central protests and a former law professor, was also arrested, according to local media reports. Tai was one of the main organizers of the primaries.
The home of Joshua Wong, a prominent pro-democracy activist who is currently serving a 13½-month prison sentence for organizing and participating in an unauthorized protest last year, was also raided this morning, according to a tweet posted from Wong’s account.
<a href=”https://twitter.com/hashtag/BREAKING?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw”>#BREAKING</a> Police also raided Joshua’s home for allegedly violating the national security law this morning as he took part in the primary election last year. 50+ democratic activists were arrested.
The mass arrests on Wednesday are the largest to date since the national security law was implemented in Hong Kong in June last year. In recent months, Hong Kong has jailed several pro-democracy activists including Wong and Agnes Chow for their involvement in antigovernment protests, and others have been charged under the national security law, including media tycoon and outspoken pro-democracy activist Jimmy Lai.
Pro-democracy activists and lawmakers had last July held an unofficial primary election to figure out which candidates they should field in a now-postponed legislative election that would boost their chances of gaining a majority of seats in legislature. Gaining a majority would allow the pro-democracy camp to vote against what they deemed to be pro-Beijing government policies.
More than 600,000 people in Hong Kong voted in the primaries, although pro-Beijing lawmakers and politicians criticized the event and warned that it could be in breach of the territory’s national security law, which was imposed on Hong Kong by Beijing in June to quash dissent following months of anti-government protests.
Beijing also blasted the primaries as “illegal,” calling it a “serious provocation” of Hong Kong’s current electoral system.
Following the handover of Hong Kong to China by the British in 1997, the semi-autonomous Chinese territory has operated on a “one country, two systems” framework that affords it freedoms not found on the mainland. In recent years, Beijing has asserted more control, drawing criticism that Hong Kong’s freedoms were under attack.
The legislative elections, originally slated to be held in September, were later postponed for a year after Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam claimed that holding elections would be a risk to public health given the coronavirus pandemic. The pro-democracy camp denounced the postponement as unconstitutional.
In November, all of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy lawmakers resigned en masse after Beijing passed a resolution that led to the disqualification of four of its camp.
Hong Kong’s top court has remanded media and publishing tycoon Jimmy Lai, the most high-profile person to be charged under the Chinese-ruled city’s national security law, in custody until another bail hearing on Feb. 1.
The Court of Final Appeal’s ruling comes a week after Lai, one of Hong Kong’s most prominent democracy activists who is accused of colluding with foreign forces, was released on $ 1.3 million US bail along with extensive restrictions that included barring him from using social media.
Prosecutors immediately appealed against the bail decision.
Beijing imposed the legislation on the former British colony in June that critics say aims to crush dissent and erode freedoms in the semi-autonomous, Chinese-ruled city — charges that authorities in Hong Kong and China reject.
Lai, a critic of Beijing who had been a frequent visitor to Washington, is widely believed to be a target of the new legislation.
Lai is among a string of pro-democracy activists and supporters arrested by Hong Kong police in recent months as authorities step up their crackdown on dissent in the semi-autonomous Chinese territory.
On Tuesday, Lai resigned as chairman and executive director of Next Digital, which runs the Apple Daily newspaper, according to a filing made to the Hong Kong stock exchange. He did so “to spend more time dealing with this personal affairs” and confirmed that he had no disagreement with the board of directors, the filing said.
Singapore and Hong Kong have postponed a planned air travel bubble meant to boost tourism for both cities, amid a spike in coronavirus infections in Hong Kong.
The air travel bubble, originally slated to begin Sunday, will be delayed by at least two weeks, Hong Kong’s minister of commerce and economic development, Edward Yau, said at a news conference on Saturday.
Hong Kong reported 43 new coronavirus cases on Saturday, including 13 untraceable local infections.
The travel bubble arrangement would originally have allowed visitors between both cities to travel without having to serve a quarantine as long as they completed coronavirus tests before and after arriving at their destinations, and flew on designated flights.
“In light of the situation in Hong Kong, I think it’s the responsible way to put this back for a while, and then sort of relaunch it at a suitable juncture,” Yau said.
Hong Kong’s opposition staged a final show of defiance in the legislature on Thursday before resigning to protest against the dismissal of four of their colleagues in what they see as another bid by Beijing to suppress democracy in the city.
The withdrawal of the opposition from the city legislature will mean an end for what has been one of the few forums for dissent after Beijing’s imposition of national security legislation in June and coronavirus restrictions ended pro-democracy protests that began last year.
Hong Kong’s Beijing-backed government expelled four opposition members from the legislature on Wednesday for endangering national security after China’s parliament gave city authorities new powers to curb dissent.
The remaining 15 opposition members of the 70-seat Legislative Council, known as Legco, then said they would quit in solidarity with their colleagues.
“I suppose this is my last protest in Legco,” opposition member Lam Cheuk-ting said after unfurling a protest banner vilifying the city’s leader, Carrie Lam.
The opposition politician had briefly displayed the banner from the building’s second floor, with the message: “Carrie Lam is corrupting Hong Kong and hurting its people; She will stink for 10,000 years.”
The city’s chief executive was not in the assembly at the time.
On Wednesday, Carrie Lam defended the expulsion of the four opposition members as being in accordance with the law and she dismissed suggestions the legislature would become a rubber stamp.
Opposition members have tried to make a stand against what many people in the former British colony see as Beijing’s whittling away of freedoms, despite a promise of a high degree of autonomy under a “one country, two systems” formula, agreed when it returned to China in 1997.
China denies curbing rights and freedoms in the global financial hub but authorities in Hong Kong and Beijing have moved decisively to stifle dissent after anti-government protests flared last year and plunged the city into crisis.
China’s Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office condemned the resignations as “a blatant challenge to the central government’s authority.”
“We would like to warn these opposition members that if they want to use this to encourage radical resistance and beg for intervention from outside forces to drag Hong Kong into chaos again, that is a wrong calculation,” the office said in a statement.
The disqualifications and opposition walk-out are likely to add to concern in the West about Hong Kong’s autonomy as Joe Biden prepares to take over from Donald Trump as U.S. president, promising to promote democracy around the world.
Foreign governments condemn oustings
U.S. national security adviser Robert O’Brien said the disqualifications showed the Chinese Communist Party had “flagrantly violated its international commitments” and was “expanding one party dictatorship in Hong Kong.”
Britain’s foreign minister, Dominic Raab, said the expulsions constituted an assault on Hong Kong’s freedoms.
Germany, holder of the European Union’s rotating presidency, and Australia also condemned the oustings.
The Chinese parliament cleared the way for the disqualifications with the passing of a resolution allowing Hong Kong to expel legislators deemed a threat to security or not holding allegiance to Hong Kong.
Chinese state media hailed its parliament’s resolution as a “long overdue” step towards “the return of peace and prosperity” in Hong Kong. It also stressed the need for the city to be “governed by patriots.”
The fate of Hong Kong’s political opposition has been in doubt since the government, citing coronavirus risks, postponed September’s legislative elections by a year. Critics saw that as a bid to kill the pro-democracy camp’s momentum.
“The city is dying. It has been dying for some time. Now we’re even more like China,” said student Calvin Fan.
Hong Kong police arrested at least 60 people on suspicion of unauthorized assembly on China’s National Day holiday Thursday after crowds gathered on the streets of a popular shopping district chanting pro-democracy slogans.
Those arrested included two district councillors, police said in a statement posted on Facebook. They said the people were arrested after they ignored repeated warnings asking them to disperse.
Online calls urged people to join protests, and crowds turned up at Hong Kong’s Causeway Bay shopping district, some people chanting “Disband the police” and “Liberate Hong Kong, Revolution of our time,” a popular pro-democracy slogan that has been banned by the Hong Kong government for alleged secessionist sentiments.
A heavy police presence outnumbered the protesters at the scene.
WATCH | Dozens arrested in Hong Kong after anti-government protest:
Hong Kong riot police arrested more than 60 people at a banned anti-government march on China’s National Day Thursday. The march was in part to protest against China’s imposition of a national security law on June 30. 0:46
National Day, which celebrates the founding of the People’s Republic of China, has become a day of protest in Hong Kong by those who oppose Beijing’s increasing control over the semi-autonomous region. Large-scale protests are forbidden because of physical distancing restrictions due to the coronavirus.
Clampdown on anti-government expression
In the afternoon, police cordoned off some areas in the district and searched people on the streets. On several occasions, they unfurled warning banners that urged protesters to disperse, saying they were participating in an illegal assembly.
Protests against the Hong Kong and mainland Chinese governments swelled last year, and Beijing clamped down on expressions of anti-government sentiment in the city with a new national security law that took effect June 30.
The law outlaws subversive, secessionist and terrorist activity, as well as collusion with foreign powers to interfere in the city’s internal affairs. The U.S. and Britain accuse China of infringing on the city’s freedoms, and the U.S. has imposed sanctions on government officials in Hong Kong and China over the law.
At a National Day reception, Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam said “stability has been restored to society while national security has been safeguarded” under the new law.
Lam also accused some foreign governments of holding “double standards” and levelling unjustified accusations against the authorities who implement the new law.
U.S. Democrats, Republicans to resume discussions around coronavirus aid bill.
Republican lawmaker tests positive at the White House.
Confirmed COVID-19 deaths in U.S. reach 150,000.
U.S. officials say Russian intelligence officers are spreading COVID-19 disinformation.
Pilgrims begin gathering in Mecca for a physically distanced hajj.
European Commission acquires enough remdesivir for 30,000 patients.
With reopening efforts taking place around the world, coronavirus infections continue to rise along with them — prompting the possibility of renewed lockdowns and travel restrictions.
Hong Kong reported 118 new coronavirus cases on Wednesday, including 113 that were locally transmitted, as strict new measures took effect, including a restriction limiting gatherings to two people and a ban on restaurant dining.
The measures, which are the toughest introduced since the outbreak, are to last for at least one week as leader Carrie Lam warned the region is on the brink of a large-scale outbreak.
Meanwhile, European Union Health Commissioner Stella Kyriakides says there’s concern over an upswing of new coronavirus infections in several European countries caused primarily by “complacency and laxity” among the public that isn’t strictly adhering to personal hygiene rules.
Kyriakides also said every country belonging to the European Union has submitted requests for the drug remdesivir. Shortly after, the European Commission said it signed a 63 million euro ($ 97.9 million Cdn) deal to secure thousands of doses, enough to treat about 30,000 patients. The drug is the only licensed experimental drug to treat people with severe COVID-19.
WATCH | Respirologist on rapidly changing concerns around COVID-19:
Dr. Samir Gupta says the drug remdesivir can be helpful for patients who are very sick but not so sick that they need a ventilator. 6:39
Health Canada recently authorized the drug for patients with severe COVID-19, though supply is limited.
In the United States, government officials — who were not authorized to discuss the matter publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity — told the Associated Press that Russian intelligence officers are spreading disinformation about the coronavirus pandemic through English-language websites, trying to exploit a crisis that America is struggling to contain before the presidential election in November.
Between late May and early July, one of the officials said, the websites published about 150 articles about the pandemic response, including coverage aimed either at propping up Russia or denigrating the U.S.
Russian officials on Wednesday rejected the accusations as “conspiracy theories” and a “persistent phobia.” One of the sites singled out by the U.S. posted a response denouncing as “categorically false” the American assertions that it was linked to the Russian military intelligence service or was involved in propaganda.
Later Wednesday, top members of the Trump administration and Democratic congressional leaders tried to narrow stark differences over a coronavirus aid bill.
Senate Republican leaders are pushing for around $ 1 trillion US in new aid, on top of more than $ 3 trillion enacted since early this year. Democrats see a far greater need as they back $ 3 trillion in new spending, while President Trump said he was in no hurry.
“We’re so far apart we don’t care. We really don’t care,” Trump told reporters, blaming Democrats as he departed the White House for a trip to Texas.
An hour-long meeting broke up late on Tuesday afternoon with no sign of progress. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and White House chief of staff Mark Meadows were expected to resume negotiations with the two senior Democrats in Congress — House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer.
One of the key points Democrats are looking for is to extend a $ 600 weekly unemployment benefit, set to expire on Friday. Republicans, arguing that it discourages some workers in lower-paying jobs from seeking employment, have proposed temporarily reducing the federal payment to $ 200 a week, on top of state unemployment benefits.
Sen. John Thune, the second highest-ranking Republican in the upper house, said lawmakers might have a better idea by the end of this week on whether there is even a chance for a deal so “that we could actually get to a package by the end of next week.”
Republican Congressman Louie Gohmert confirmed he had tested positive for the coronavirus when he visited the White House earlier on Wednesday.
Gohmert, in a video posted to Twitter, added he is asymptomatic and said he had worn a face mask frequently in the past week or two, including at a House judiciary committee hearing on Tuesday.
The Texas lawmaker, who had previously refused to wear a mask amid the pandemic, said he tested positive in a quick test at the executive mansion, and in a follow-up swab test.
U.S. deaths from the coronavirus surpassed 150,000 on Wednesday, by the far the highest in the world, according to the tally kept by Johns Hopkins University.
The increase of 10,000 COVID-19 deaths in 11 days is the fastest in the United States since early June.
Deaths have risen there for three weeks in a row, while a spike in infections in Arizona, California, Florida and Texas this month has overwhelmed hospitals.
What’s happening with coronavirus in Canada
As of 12:30 p.m. ET on Wednesday, Canada had 115,246 confirmed and presumptive coronavirus cases. Provinces and territories listed 100,307 of the cases as recovered or resolved. A CBC News tally based on provincial reports, regional health information and CBC’s reporting indicates that 8,948 Canadians have died.
Most students from kindergarten to Grade 12 are to return to British Columbia schools full time in September.
Education Minister Rob Fleming says enhanced safety measures and additional resources to prevent the spread of COVID-19 will allow the province to move its education restart plan ahead.
Fleming says the classroom is an essential part of a child’s social, academic and mental development, and that’s why the province is working hard to ensure children can spend the school year with their teachers and classmates.
He says, on the advice of the provincial health officer, students will be organized into learning groups to reduce the number of people they come in contact with, cutting the risk of transmitting the virus.
The government is putting up $ 45.6 million to ensure safety measures, including increased cleaning of high-contact surfaces, an increased number of hand-hygiene stations and the availability of masks.
WATCH | Ford confirms Toronto, Peel moving to Stage 3:
Calling it a ‘massive step forward,’ Ontario Premier Doug Ford said Toronto and Peel Region will move to Stage 3 reopening on Friday, but said Windsor-Essex will need to remain in Stage 2 a bit longer. 1:49
Staff and students, or their parents, will be expected to assess themselves daily for symptoms of COVID-19.
In Ontario, pediatric hospitals have updated their recommendations for a safe return to school full-time, offering guidelines on the logistical challenges facing educators this fall.
Among the key recommendations from doctors at Toronto’s Hospital for Sick Children and other health officials from across the province is that high school and middle-school students wear masks when distance can’t be maintained, however younger children aren’t expected to wear them.
Toronto and Peel Region will move into Stage 3 of Ontario’s coronavirus recovery plan this Friday, the provincial government said this morning.
Authorities in the Spanish capital Madrid backtracked on Wednesday over a highly criticized plan to give an “immunity card” to people testing positive for coronavirus so they can enjoy higher-risk areas like gyms, bars and museums.
Politicians, rights groups and epidemiologists condemned the project, announced by regional leader Isabel Diaz Ayuso, as potentially discriminatory and medically unsound.
WATCH | U.K. orders travellers from Spain to quarantine amid COVID-19 spike:
The United Kingdom has ordered travellers returning from Spain to quarantine for 14 days as coronavirus cases begin to surge across Europe putting the summer tourist season in limbo. 2:01
After a weekly cabinet meeting of the Madrid authority, her deputy, Ignacio Aguado, told a news conference that the controversial cards would not in fact be issued.
Spain has seen a surge in new infections, including 1,153 in the last 24 hours, prompting regions to reintroduce curbs, and Britain to impose a quarantine on returnees.
Russia‘s first potential coronavirus vaccine will win local regulatory approval in the first half of August and be administered to front-line health workers soon afterward, a development source close to the matter told Reuters.
A state research facility in Moscow — the Gamaleya Institute — completed early human trials of the adenovirus-based vaccine this month and expects to begin large-scale trials in August.
The press service of the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), which is co-ordinating and funding Russia’s vaccine development efforts, declined to comment, but its head, Kirill Dmitriev, has denied that Russia’s vaccine push is compromising safety.
Meanwhile, Russian President Vladimir Putin on Wednesday ordered the government to prepare for a possible uptick in coronavirus cases, saying that the situation “remains difficult” and “may worsen.”
Russia has reported more than 828,000 coronavirus cases and 13,673 confirmed deaths. The number of daily new infections has been decreasing since mid-May. But they remain relatively high, with health officials reporting more than 5,000 new cases every day.
The British government has signed a deal with GlaxoSmithKline and Sanofi Pasteur for 60 million doses of a potential coronavirus vaccine that could start to be rolled out in the first half of next year.
Britain’s GSK and France’s Sanofi have the largest vaccine manufacturing capability in the world. The government said that if the vaccine proves successful, then priority groups, such as health- and social-care workers, could be given the first doses.
WATCH | Pilgrims gather in Mecca for physically distanced hajj:
Due to the coronavirus, this year’s hajj in Mecca has been limited to about 1,000 pilgrims from within Saudi Arabia. 0:56
Muslim pilgrims, donning face masks and moving in small groups after days in isolation, began arriving at Islam’s holiest site in Mecca on Wednesday for the start of a historically unique and scaled-down hajj experience reshaped by the coronavirus pandemic.
The hajj is one of Islam’s most important requirements, performed once in a lifetime. It follows a route the Prophet Muhammad walked nearly 1,400 years ago and is believed to ultimately trace the footsteps of the prophets Ibrahim and Ismail, or Abraham and Ishmael as they are named in the Bible.
Rather than standing and praying shoulder-to-shoulder in a sea of people from different walks of life, pilgrims this year are physical distancing — standing apart and moving in small groups of 20 to limit exposure and the potential transmission of the coronavirus.
The minister for veteran affairs in the government of one of Bosnia‘s two highly independent regions has died at the age of 53, a week after testing positive for the coronavirus.
Salko Bukvarevic died Wednesday in a COVID-19 hospital in Sarajevo, where he was admitted last week with pneumonia and breathing problems.
Nearly 80 per cent of the country’s 10,700 cases were registered since mid-May, when a strict, nearly two-month-long coronavirus lockdown was lifted.
Vietnam, virus-free for months, was bracing for another wave of coronavirus infections on Wednesday after state media reported new cases in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and the Central Highlands linked to a recent outbreak in the central city of Danang.
Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said the current wave of infections was different from the second wave Vietnam fought in March, and every province and city in the Southeast Asian country was at risk, state broadcaster Vietnam Television reported.
Hanoi, Vietnam’s capital, ordered bars and pubs to shut and banned large gatherings beginning at midnight, after registering its first case linked to the Danang outbreak on Wednesday.
The Dutch government on Wednesday said it will not advise the public to wear masks to slow the spread of coronavirus, asserting that scientific evidence of their effectiveness is mixed.
The decision was announced by Minister for Medical Care Tamara van Ark after a review by the country’s National Institute for Health. The government will instead seek more adherence to social distancing rules after a surge in coronavirus cases in the country this week, Van Ark said at a news conference in The Hague.
The coronavirus pandemic has found fresh legs around the world, as confirmed deaths pass 600,000, and countries from the United States to South Africa to India struggle to contain a surge of new infections. Hong Kong issued tougher new rules on wearing face masks, Spain closed overcrowded beaches and Germany reported another outbreak at a slaughterhouse.
Pope Francis said that “the pandemic is showing no sign of stopping” and urged compassion for those whose suffering during the outbreak has been worsened by conflicts.
The World Health Organization said that 259,848 new infections were reported Saturday, its highest one-day tally yet.
While the U.S. leads global infections, South Africa now ranks as the fifth worst-hit country in the pandemic with more than 350,000 cases, or around half of all those confirmed on the continent. Its struggles are a sign of trouble to come for nations with even fewer health-care resources.
India, which has now confirmed more than one million infections, on Sunday reported a 24-hour record of 38,902 new cases.
In Europe, where infections are far below their peak but local outbreaks are causing concern, leaders of the 27-nation European Union haggled for a third day in Brussels over a proposed 1.85 trillion-euro ($ 2.1 trillion US) EU budget and coronavirus recovery fund.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said there is “a lot of goodwill, but there are also a lot of positions” in the talks, which have laid bare divisions about how the countries hit hardest by the pandemic, such as Italy and Spain, should be helped. She said the talks, which were initially scheduled to end on Saturday, could still wrap up without a deal.
As scientists around the world race to find a vaccine to halt the pandemic, Russia’s ambassador to Britain on Sunday rejected allegations by a number of countries — including Canada — that Russia’s intelligence services have sought to steal information about vaccine efforts.
“I don’t believe in this story at all, there is no sense in it,” Ambassador Andrei Kelin said when asked in a BBC interview about the allegations. “I learned about their [the hackers’] existence from British media. In this world, to attribute any kind of computer hackers to any country, it is impossible.”
WATCH | Hackers target COVID-19 vaccine research:
A hacker group allegedly backed by Russia is trying to steal COVID-19-related vaccine research in Canada, the U.K. and the U.S., according to intelligence agencies in all three countries. 5:25
Confirmed global virus deaths have risen to nearly 603,000, according to data compiled by Johns Hopkins University. The United States tops the list with more than 140,000, followed by more than 78,000 in Brazil. Europe as a continent has seen about 200,000 deaths.
The number of confirmed infections worldwide has passed 14.2 million, with 3.7 million in the U.S. and more than two million in Brazil. Experts believe the pandemic’s true toll around the world is much higher because of testing shortages and data collection issues.
Infections have been soaring in U.S. states such as Florida, Texas and Arizona, with many blaming a haphazard, partisan approach to lifting lockdowns, as well as the resistance of some Americans to wearing masks. Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti said Sunday that the situation was so dire in his California city that authorities were considering a new stay-at-home order.
Even where the situation has been largely brought under control, new outbreaks are prompting the return of restrictions.
Following a recent surge in cases, Hong Kong made the wearing of masks mandatory in all public places and told non-essential civil servants to work from home. Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam said the situation in the Asian financial hub is “really critical” and that she sees “no sign” that it’s under control.
In Spain, police in Barcelona have limited access to some of the city’s beloved beaches because sunbathers were ignoring physical distancing regulations amid a resurgence of coronavirus infections. In the Netherlands, authorities in Amsterdam urged people not to visit the city’s famous red light district and have closed off some of the historic district’s narrow streets because they are too busy.
Slaughterhouses also have featured in outbreaks in the U.S., Germany and elsewhere. Authorities in northwestern Germany’s Vechta county said 66 workers at a chicken slaughterhouse tested positive, though most appeared to have been infected in their free time. An earlier outbreak at a slaughterhouse in western Germany infected more than 1,400 and prompted a partial lockdown.
Speaking on Sunday from his window overlooking St. Peter’s Square, Pope Francis renewed his appeal for an immediate worldwide ceasefire that he said “will permit the peace and security indispensable to supplying the necessary humanitarian assistance.”
What’s happening with coronavirus in Canada
The federal government has said it’s not OK for the Blue Jays to play ball in Toronto during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ottawa informed the team of the decision on Saturday, citing concerns over the public health risks associated with Major League Baseball’s plan for a 60-game season.
Marco Mendicino, minister of immigration, refugees and citizenship, told CBC News Network that the circumstances did not warrant a border-crossing exemption, particularly in light of the amount of cross-border travel needed and the risks that remained. The plan called for the Blue Jays and visiting teams to cross the Canada-U.S. border regularly.
WATCH | ‘We’re taking decisions on the basis of evidence,’ immigration minister says:
Immigration minister Marco Mendicino explains what had to be considered when deciding whether the Blue Jays could play in Toronto. 6:39
As of 4 p.m. ET on Sunday, Canada had 110,340 coronavirus infections. Provinces and territories listed 97,051 of those as recovered or resolved. A CBC News tally of deaths based on provincial reports, regional health information and CBC’s reporting stood at 8,882.
Ontario added 164 new cases Sunday for a total of 37,604 cases. The province also added 113 new recoveries for a total of 33,407 recoveries.
Quebec announced on Saturday that masks are now mandatory in indoor public spaces across the province. The new measure is kicking in as the province witnesses a slow but steady increase in the number of COVID-19 cases.
“It’s better to wear a mask than to be confined at home,” Premier François Legault said as he made the announcement last Monday. “It’s not fun wearing a mask, but it’s essential.”
The new directive, which applies to people aged 12 and older, coincided with tens of thousands of Quebecers spanning out on vacation with the beginning of the traditional two-week construction holiday.
Quebec is the first province to mandate face-covering, despite criticism from some who say the government shouldn’t have a blanket policy when most regions outside Montreal weren’t deeply affected by COVID-19.
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador logged no new infections on Saturday.
Hong Kong pro-democracy activist Nathan Law said he has arrived in London after fleeing the former British colony where China has imposed a security law.
“With my backpack and small luggage in hand, I boarded my night flight. I had no idea what future awaited me. Only one thing seemed certain. My destination: London,” Law said on Twitter.
“There’s always one message I have: Hong Kongers will never give up. We aren’t fractured. On the contrary, we’re well-equipped to face the next difficult battle.”
Law spoke to CBC News from an undisclosed location in a Front Burner episode that aired last week. He said the decision to leave family and friends was difficult, but with the risk of prison under the new legal framework for protesting, he believed his advocacy would be more effective elsewhere.
“For me, leaving Hong Kong is actually more than a personal choice. It’s a strategic move for the movement,” he said.
THREAD:<br>1. With my backpack and small luggage in hand, I boarded my night flight. I had no idea what future awaited me. Only one thing seemed certain. My destination: London. <a href=”https://t.co/iSfEh5870J”>pic.twitter.com/iSfEh5870J</a>
Law, 26, and fellow activists Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow announced on June 29 they were disbanding their Demosisto group just hours after Beijing passed the national security bill. They were among the student leaders of the so-called Umbrella Movement of widespread protest in 2014 in response to planned changes to Hong Kong electoral laws.
Law then was elected as Hong Kong’s youngest-ever legislator at age 23, but was among a small number disqualified from serving after offering words of protest during their swearing-in ceremony.
“You can chain me. You can torture me. You can even destroy this body but you will never imprison my mind,” Law said, quoting Mahatma Gandhi, instead of the traditional oath.
He also participated as protests roiled Hong Kong last year in response to a bill that would have expanded extradition to China for those charged with offences in Hong Kong.
The new legislative package grants mainland China more powers to insert itself in the affairs of Hong Kong, and includes penalties of up to life in prison for offences deemed to consist of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign or external forces.
Critics have said those four areas are so ill-defined that it could lead to overreach and a stifling of all dissent.
“You never know when you will break the law, you never know where is the red line,” Law told CBC News.
“That is the power of the politics of fear. It will lead you to self-censorship to a degree that you can never express what you genuinely mean.”
EU still determining specific response
Law told Reuters earlier this month that the rest of the world should stand up to Chinese President Xi Jinping and start to put human rights above financial gain.
So far, there has been international condemnation over the legislation as breaching the “one country, two systems” framework agreed to when Hong Kong returned to Chinese rule in 1997, but little in the way yet of specific reprisals.
The European Union said Monday it is preparing countermeasures on China in response to Beijing’s new security law, but envoys stressed the likely steps will not amount to economic sanctions.
Diplomats said there was broad support among EU member states for some action, but tough measures were not being discussed in detail because of resistance from China’s closest trade partners in Europe, such as Hungary and Greece.
The broad and ambiguous offences under China’s new national security law have Hong Kongers censoring themselves, fearing a maximum sentence of life imprisonment. Pro-democracy protesters are holding up blank sheets. Cafes are stripping their messages of support. One of Hong Kong’s most prominent and outspoken activists, too, has left the territory altogether. Today on Front Burner, pro-democracy activist Nathan Law joins us from an undisclosed location. He’ll take us through the years of unrest leading up to China’s crackdown, and how these measures threaten the unique freedoms that came with living in Hong Kong. 22:30
While European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen last month warned of “very negative consequences” for Beijing, EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell detailed lighter measures after a meeting of the bloc’s foreign ministers in Brussels.
“We have agreed today to develop a co-ordinated European Union response to show support for Hong Kong’s autonomy and civil society,” Borrell told a news conference after the meeting.
“This will comprise measures both at the European Union level and also measures falling on the member states’ national competencies in a co-ordinated approach.”
He said nothing specific had been decided, but that EU foreign ministers had discussed extending the EU’s export ban on “sensitive technology” to Hong Kong.
Borrell was referring to any equipment or software that could be used for suppressing protests aimed at preserving Hong Kong’s autonomy granted under terms of its handover back to China by Britain in 1997.
EU governments could also review their extradition agreements with Hong Kong authorities, review travel advice, increase scholarships for Hong Kong students and offer more visas to Hong Kongers, Borrell said.
Borrell said EU governments could announce national steps separately, but the 27-nation bloc viewed its response as a package to be defined and made reality “in the coming days.”
In 1997, China promised to maintain Hong Kong’s democratic system and civil liberties for 50 years. But many believe a new security law imposed upon Hong Kong by Beijing effectively means the end of democracy there. Diana Fu — a China expert at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy — discusses the potential fallout over the law and the decisions Hong Kongers have to make now about whether to stay and whether to keep pushing for democracy or censor themselves. 20:31
Finland said it supported the idea of suspending extradition treaties with Hong Kong since the new security law meant detainees could be transferred to mainland China — where courts are controlled by the ruling Communist Party.
In Geneva, the United Nations special rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression said on Monday that it will be important to see whether authorities use their discretion in interpreting the new law to impose restrictions on freedom of expression and the right to peaceful assembly.
“I am extremely concerned about the future of Hong Kong particularly with the adoption of the national security law,” David Kaye told the news briefing.
TikTok said Tuesday it will stop operations in Hong Kong, joining other social media companies in warily eyeing ramifications of a sweeping national security law that took effect last week.
The short-form video app’s planned departure from Hong Kong comes as various social media platforms and messaging apps including Facebook, WhatsApp, Telegram, Google and Twitter balk at the possibility of providing user data to Hong Kong authorities.
The social media companies say they are assessing implications of the security law, which prohibits what Beijing views as secessionist, subversive or terrorist activities or as foreign intervention in the city’s internal affairs. In the communist-ruled mainland, the foreign social media platforms are blocked by China’s “Great Firewall.”
Critics see the law as Beijing’s boldest step yet to erase the legal divide between the former British colony and the mainland’s authoritarian Communist Party system.
TikTok said in a statement that it had decided to halt operations “in light of recent events.”
Facebook and its messaging app WhatsApp said in separate statements Monday that they would freeze the review of government requests for user data in Hong Kong, “pending further assessment of the National Security Law, including formal human rights due diligence and consultations with international human rights experts.”
Hong Kong was convulsed with massive, sometimes violent anti-government protests for much of last year as the former British colony’s residents reacted to proposed extradition legislation, since withdrawn, that might have led to some suspects facing trial in mainland Chinese courts.
The new law criminalizes some pro-democracy slogans like the widely used “Liberate Hong Kong, revolution of our time,” which the Hong Kong government says has separatist connotations.
The fear is that it erodes the special freedoms of the semi-autonomous city, which has operated under a “one country, two systems” framework since China took control in 1997. That arrangement has allowed Hong Kong’s people freedoms not permitted in mainland China, such as unrestricted internet access and public dissent.
Telegram, whose platform has been used widely to spread pro-democracy messages and information about the protests, understands “the importance of protecting the right to privacy of our Hong Kong users,” said Mike Ravdonikas, a spokesperson for the company.
Twitter pauses data requests from Hong Kong
“Telegram has never shared any data with the Hong Kong authorities in the past and does not intend to process any data requests related to its Hong Kong users until an international consensus is reached in relation to the ongoing political changes in the city,” he said.
Twitter also paused all data and information requests from Hong Kong authorities after the law went into effect last week, the company said, emphasizing that it was “committed to protecting the people using our service and their freedom of expression.”
“Like many public interest organisations, civil society leaders and entities, and industry peers, we have grave concerns regarding both the developing process and the full intention of this law,” the company said in a statement.
Google likewise said it had “paused production on any new data requests from Hong Kong authorities.”
Though social platforms have yet to be blocked in Hong Kong, users have begun scrubbing their accounts and deleting pro-democracy posts out of fear of retribution. That retreat has extended to the streets: Many shops and stores that publicly stood in solidarity with protesters have removed the pro-democracy sticky notes and artwork that had adorned their walls.
Under implementation rules of Article 43 of the national security law, which give the city’s police force sweeping powers in enforcing the legislation, platforms, publishers and internet service providers may be ordered to take down any electronic message published that is “likely to constitute an offence endangering national security or is likely to cause the occurrence of an offence endangering national security.”
Hong Kong police arrest 370
Service providers who do not comply with such requests could face fines of up to 100,000 Hong Kong dollars ($ 17,506 Cdn) and receive jail terms of up to six months.
Individuals who post such messages may also be asked to remove the message, or face similar fines and a jail term of one year.
Hong Kong authorities moved quickly to implement the law after it took effect on June 30, with police arresting about 370 people.
The rules allow Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam to authorize police to intercept communications and conduct surveillance to “prevent and detect offences endangering national security.”
Police can conduct searches for evidence without a warrant in “exceptional circumstances” and seek warrants requiring people suspected of violating the national security law to surrender their travel documents, preventing them from leaving Hong Kong.
Written notices or restraining orders also may be issued to freeze or confiscate property if there are “reasonable grounds” to suspect that the property is related to an offence endangering national security.