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Police search St. Louis mansion of couple who pointed guns at protesters, local reports say

Police in St. Louis, Mo., searched the mansion of the couple who brandished guns at protesters marching outside their home last month in widely seen videos, local media reported.

The police arrived on Friday evening with a search warrant and seized the rifle wielded by Mark McCloskey during the June 28 incident, the KMOV news channel in St. Louis said.

McCloskey and his wife, Patricia, are both personal injury lawyers and have said they were frightened for their lives when demonstrators protesting against police violence marched by their mansion on their way to the home of St. Louis Mayor Lyda Krewson.

Videos show the couple, who are white, shouting at Black and white protesters to keep off their property over several minutes while some in the crowd record the scene on their cellphones, or shout out that the protesters have no interest in causing the couple harm. Patricia McCloskey pointed a handgun at the crowd.

Patricia McCloskey points a gun at a man holding a video camera and microphone outside her home in St. Louis on June 28. (Lawrence Bryant/Reuters)

The McCloskeys, a lawyer representing them and the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department did not respond to requests for comment.

Soon after the incident, Kimberly Gardner, the city’s chief prosecutor, said she was alarmed by the videos and that her office was investigating a possible infringement of people’s right to peacefully protest, saying in a statement that “intimidation or threat of deadly force will not be tolerated.”

The couple have said they were within their rights to defend their property.

WATCH | Trump shares video of couple threatening protesters at gunpoint:

U.S. President Donald Trump retweeted a news report featuring video of a St. Louis couple pointing a handgun and a rifle at demonstrators who were marching to the mayor’s house.  1:28

The McCloskeys have repeatedly filed lawsuits or threatened to do so in order to defend their property rights, according to an investigation published by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch on Saturday.

In 2013, Mark McCloskey destroyed bee hives just outside his mansion’s wall that were placed there by a neighbouring synagogue in order to provide honey for Rosh Hashanah celebrations, the newspaper reported. McCloskey left a note saying he would sue the congregation if they did not remove all trace of the hives.

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Calgary declares local state of emergency in response to COVID-19 spread

The City of Calgary declared a state of local emergency Sunday in response to the growing coronavirus pandemic.

The move means city-operated recreation centres, pools and arenas, some partner facilities like YMCAs, and Calgary Public Library branches have all been ordered to close until further notice.

“This is tough. People rely on these services as outlets for themselves, as places to go, for many, many people they are in fact lifelines,” Mayor Naheed Nenshi told reporters Sunday night.

Nenshi announced the measures at the city’s emergency operations centre along with city manager David Duckworth and Calgary’s Emergency Management Agency chief Tom Sampson.

The measures go into effect at 12:01 a.m. MT Monday. The closures don’t apply to restaurants, bars and cafes, but they will be required to keep their capacity to either less than 50 per cent of their capacity under fire regulations, or fewer than 250 people.

Officials said the state of emergency was issued for two reasons: the number of cases in Calgary jumped in the last 24 hours with 14 new cases of COVID-19 confirmed in the city, taking Alberta’s total up to 56. As well, the city appears to be seeing the first instances of cases spread through the community, rather than by travel or contact with someone sick.

Two new Calgary cases were caused by unknown sources so it’s likely that there are other, undiagnosed cases related to those two in the province, Alberta’s chief medical officer said Sunday. And another seven cases were all traced back to a single gathering in the Calgary area.

Watch | The City of Calgary declares a state of emergency to halt COVID-19 spread:

Calgary Emergency Management Agency chief Tom Sampson, along with city manager David Duckworth and Mayor Naheed Nenshi held a media availability to update Calgarians on the city’s response to COVID-19. 29:26

Under the emergency measures, Calgary grocery stores, public transit, shelters, shopping centres, pharmacies, casinos and the airport will remain open as usual. Offices will remain open but employees are encouraged to work from home.

Earlier Sunday, the province announced all K-12 schools, preschools and post-secondary institutes will see classes cancelled indefinitely and child-care centres will be closed.

With schools closed, Nenshi said city officials did not have the capacity to keep people safe in publicly-operated facilities like pools, libraries and recreation centres.

“This is going to be difficult and I understand it’s difficult for Calgary families,” Nenshi said. 

Nenshi said it’s important to recognize that restaurants and retail outlets aren’t being closed, and provisions are being put in place to make those spaces a little safer.

“We know that these actions are impacting local businesses and people’s livelihoods in a very serious way,” Nenshi said, adding that leaders at all levels of government are looking for ways to help businesses through this.

The mayor acknowledged that city businesses are hurting. And he urged residents to do their part to help out.

“Citizens, you can still help local businesses through this. Buy a gift card, order delivery, make a reservation for later.”

“This is going to be difficult and I understand it’s difficult for Calgary families,” said Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi. (Adriean Wyld/The Canadian Press)

Sampson said it’s not certain how long the measures will remain in place. “This is not a sprint, it’s an ultra-marathon,” he said.

The last state of emergency in Calgary was declared during severe flooding in the summer of 2013.

The mayor urged residents not to panic or stockpile, and asked them to look out for each other.

“Those who have been self-isolated or quarantined, take it very seriously,” Nenshi said. “I always say the most Calgary question of all is the simple question — how can I help?” 

He asked people check in on others over the phone, offer to deliver groceries or babysit, and in particular, reach out to elderly members of the community.

For a full list of suspended services, please see the City of Calgary website.

  • Have you got a news tip tied to the COVID-19 outbreak? You can reach CBC Calgary at calgarynewstips@cbc.ca or CBC Edmonton here

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New Steam Feature Adds Online Play to All Local Multiplayer Games

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Valve has added a new capability to Steam that should make it much easier to find other people to play local cooperative multiplayer games with. If it works, it might encourage more developers to invest in this capability in the first place. The new feature, dubbed Remote Play Together, allows non-local players to play games that typically require two or more players in the same physical location.

Local multiplayer has become a rare capability in many titles. It’s a little odd when you think about it. In the early days of gaming, local multiplayer was just called “multiplayer.” Dividing a CRT into two or four panels might leave everyone playing on a postage stamp, but we managed to have fun anyway. Local co-op hung on as a common feature for years after the internet became available, but as the quality of online matches improved, developers began to put less emphasis on local play (cooperative or competitive) as a whole. While certain genres, like fighting games, still offer a local mode, many games that used to have retired the option.

Steam’s Remote Play Together feature is designed to allow two gamers who aren’t local to each other to play games as if they are. We don’t know much about how the capability will work yet. Remote Play Together will allow “two or more players to enjoy local multiplayer games over the internet, together.” The feature will launch for all local multiplayer, local co-op, and split-screen games. Once the beta goes live, players will launch a game with support for local multiplayer, then invite a friend to join them using the Steam Overlay. If your friend accepts the invitation to play, they’ll be joined to your system. Your computer is responsible for running the game, but the experience is shared with a friend.


Image from Unity forums

Keyboards and mice plugged into Player #2’s computer will behave as if they are plugged into Player #1’s machine, and the game host can choose to block or allow inputs to the shared keyboard and mouse. The feature was constructed using Steam’s existing remote play technologies and supports up to four players streaming in 1080p at 60fps. Connection speed required varies by title, but Valve recommends between 10-30Mbps for smooth gameplay. Only the host needs to own a copy of a game in order to play it.

Steam isn’t the first company to offer a product like this, but it’s not clear how well the alternatives work. There’s a company called Parsec with a cloud gaming service that claims to allow you to jump into single-player games that don’t have online multiplayer, but player experience and reviews of the software seem to be mixed. Steam’s Remote Play Together beta begins on October 21 and is open to anyone who has chosen to participate in Steam beta tests. Managing split-screen latency is going to be tricky, especially if the host and guest computers are separated by a lot of physical distance — many split-screen games are explicitly designed not to have any latency at all, which raises questions of how Valve will keep everything synchronized.

If this feature works well, however, it could lead to renewed interest in local multiplayer as a feature, which would only be a good thing. Playing with a friend on the couch may not be the most common way to game, but there are still plenty of people who look forward to this kind of multiplayer. Making it more accessible to a wider audience would encourage developers to adopt it in the first place.

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Volvo Plans Big Electric Trucks for Local, Regional Hauls

Volvo Trucks will ship electric trucks in California shortly, in a plan to showcase what big trucks can do when they’re running solely on big batteries. Over the next year, the California-focused program for the VNR Electric full-size regional truck will expand to more EV truck types, up to and including the largest tractors for 80,000 tractor-trailer rigs. Volvo’s rollout includes recharging systems as well as insurance and analytic services.

Alternative-energy trucks are starting to gain popularity. In addition to Volvo, makers of large electric trucks include Freightliner/Daimler, Mack, Paccar (Kenworth, Peterbilt, DAF), Navistar. There are also startups such as Tesla and Nikola. Some of the first electric trucks are designed-for-diesel bodies with motors in place of engines and battery packs attached to the frame rails behind/under the cabs. Driving range? Volvo says that’s still being formulated.

Volvo VNR electric truck cutaway. The battery packs live where fuel tanks would on the diesel version. Volvo says they slide in and out for maintenance.

Volvo describes the first VNR Electric trucks as demonstration units based on proven propulsion and energy storage technology now used in the Volvo FE Electric trucks, and builds on sister company Volvo Buses that has sold more than 4,000 electrified buses since 2010, the company says. According to Volvo’s Jonathan Agebrand, “The Volvo VNR is ideal for applications like heavy urban distribution, drayage and other regional applications where electric trucks will first have the greatest impact … the addition of an all-electric powertrain [to the VNR model] provides even greater opportunities to expand its footprint in the regional-haul market.”

This EV-truck stuff has a lot of buzzwords and acronyms. Skip the next paragraph from Volvo if you start to feel faint between the acronyms and the buzzword-bingo phrases innovative, holistic approach, unique opportunity, end-to-end electrification coordination, and sustainable freight solution. From a Volvo release:

[Volvo Trucks North America’s (VTNA)] introduction of the Volvo VNR [the truck model] electric models are part of an innovative partnership, known as LIGHTS (Low Impact Green Heavy Transport Solutions) between the Volvo Group, California’s South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD), and industry leaders in transportation and electrical charging infrastructure.

“The LIGHTS project is a truly unique opportunity to showcase a holistic approach to electrification of the freight transport industry as we handle ongoing challenges including electricity generation and battery optimization,” said [VTNA president Peter] Voorhoeve. “We appreciate that the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the SCAQMD have recognized our leadership and trusted us to oversee this project that will ultimately result in the commercialization of fully-electric heavy-duty trucks. In addition to introducing the VNR Electric, through LIGHTS we will bring a complete sustainable freight solution with end-to-end electrification coordination with our many partners.”

Translation: Using a version of the Volvo VNR truck converted to run on battery power, the automaker is taking part in a California pilot project to reduce pollution from big trucks used regionally for local deliveries, drayage (short-haul freight, such as cargo from the Port of Long Beach to a warehouse), and regional but not cross-country shipping. California’s main air pollution board (CARB) will provide $ 45 million to the LA-region pollution board (SCAQMD) to run the project. The state already requires ships docked at the big ports to run on shore power (electricity) rather than diesel or ghastly dirty bunker fuel (think: liquid tar). There’s a parallel move to shift the port equipment (big forklift trucks, or tugs) to electric.

The Volvo FE Electric, already in service in Europe (here as a garbage truck), provides the drivetrain for the Volvo VNR Electric.

For its part, Volvo won’t just sell trucks. It will lease them as well and will provide (and finance) charging equipment, information on optimizing routes to maximize battery life, and study uptime. One such single-check plan would cover the lease payments, maintenance, insurance, charging equipment and uptime services.

Trucking companies are onboard with low-pollution locomotion as long as it’s reliable. They recall teething problems earlier in the century with trucks converted to run on liquified natural gas, problems such as range, active management of the fuel that is liquid but really wants to be a gas, understanding the differences between cold and warm LNG, weight issues (LNG tanks that match diesel’s range are bigger and heavier), and reliability. There is some interest in plug-in hybrid trucks, too, that could travel several miles on battery power, or run cooling and refrigeration systems while the truck is parked.

The Volvo-California program will start with a straight truck (all axles on a single frame; no trailer) and a tractor (to pull a separate trailer) with loaded weights up to 66,00o pounds; drivetrains include 4×2 (two axles, rear axle driven), 6×2 liftable (three axles, forward rear axle lifts when lightly loaded), and 6×4 (three axles, with two rear axles driven). Of the first two dozen trial-run trucks, the majority will be 66,000-pound day cabs (no overnight runs) and a handful more will have 80,000-pound (so-called Class 8) capacities.

Come 2020, Volvo intends to move beyond the SoCal pilot program and sell or lease trucks to a wider range of customers. It will also move from medium-large to large trucks. The biggest trucks will have a sleeper cab for local/regional hauls but they’re not — yet — intended to go cross-country. After California, Volvo says it would expand, still a limited regional rollout, covering the Pacific coast, adding Oregon and Washington, plus Texas and some northeastern states.

Big trucks will need a separate charging infrastructure, and for a big charging station, they’ll need a power grid designed for a small city. According to Volvo, Southern California Edison would need 6-14 months to build out the infrastructure for about 50 charging stations.

Anton Wahlman, an analyst with The Street who tracked the Tesla Semi when it was announced two years ago with a claimed range of 500 miles, offered this perspective of what it takes to recharge a fleet of trucks going long distances:

If you are going to charge such a truck [Tesla Semi] to 80 percent in 30 minutes, God help the electricity grid. It will be like plugging in a minor city to the grid at that particular interstate rest-stop. Can you spell brownouts? — no, make that blackouts.

At media briefings earlier in the month, Volvo was asked about range — the obvious question — and the answer was qualified: There needs to be more real-world testing. Also, Volvo says, an electric truck is even more sensitive to individual drivers’ styles than the same driver in a diesel truck. Other truckmakers have noted for local and close-in trucking, you don’t want to haul around battery power you don’t need, so modular packs make sense. On a diesel 18-wheeler getting 6 mpg, to add 100 miles of range, you’d load an extra 120 pounds of diesel. For a big EV truck, you’d need an extra 2,000 pounds of battery pack, roughly, to add 100 miles of range.

Tesla CEO Elon Musk claimed in 2017 that the Tesla Semi will get up to 500 miles of range. Assuming Tesla is a leader in energy-efficiency and also in hyperbole, then it’s likely regional-trucks are capable of, and need, a range of 300-400 miles. For regional trucks, that’s about the most they’re called on for a day trip or overnight out-and-back trip. A local-only truck might need 200-300 miles of range, possibly split over two shifts, say 6 AM to 10 PM, with the overnight hours reserved for recharging at the depot.

The big win remains the belief that electrified trucks, like electric cars and SUVs, will require less maintenance, have fewer on-the-road breakdowns, and be less expensive in the very long haul.

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Mass protests over local elections rattle the Kremlin, but an alternative to Putin is still elusive

After Russia’s most contentious election in years, the ruling party of President Vladimir Putin appears to have suffered significant losses on Moscow’s city council and the wounds from the fight may signal continued trouble ahead.

No official vote counts have been released but early returns suggest the United Russia party may have been reduced to a minority on the 45 seat council. An official tally is expected later today.

Tens of thousands of people took to the streets in a succession of weekend protests over what they saw as rigged municipal elections after dozens of independent candidates were told they wouldn’t be allowed to challenge for seats.

Russian police and security services arrested more than 2,000 people and repeatedly raided the offices of opposition figures in one of the largest crackdowns of Putin’s 19-year tenure. 

Even though most liberal-leaning candidates were not allowed to participate, a number of right wing parties as well as Russia’s Communists did take part, and it appears their candidates may have benefited from the anti-government vote.

“Society itself is very frustrated,” said Tatiana Stanovaya, a non-resident scholar at Moscow’s Carnegie Centre. 

We don’t have [political] campaigns — the effort of the Kremlin to move forward new ideas is dead– Tatiana Stanovaya, Carnegie Centre

“I think the Kremlin has underestimated the risk coming from the opposition and the protests,” said Stanovaya, who also heads R.Politik, a Paris-based think-tank that studies Russian society.

After almost 20 years with Vladmir Putin at the top of Russia’s government, political stagnation has set in, she says. The protests are a clear indication of the appetite for change.

‘Political life is unhealthy’

Independent public opinion polls suggest Putin’s popularity has sagged as incomes have fallen and the government has made significant cuts to seniors’ pensions.

“We don’t have [political] campaigns — the effort of the Kremlin to move forward new ideas is dead. Society doesn’t know what is good, what is wrong. Political life is unhealthy.”

While municipals councils in Moscow and other Russian cities have very little power, a loss at any level was simply untenable for those at the top of Russia’s power pyramid, says political analyst Maria Lipman.

Watch: Tens of thousands gather for Moscow protests

Demonstrators demand free city-wide elections in spite of a government crackdown, CBC’s Chris Brown reports. 1:52

“Competition has to be eradicated on every level,” she told CBC News. “This regime rules by a political monopoly.” 

What’s especially notable, she says, was how fast the protest movement took shape once candidates began getting disqualified.

“Many people took it personally,” she said, noting that the rules requiring thousands of signatures for challengers to make it onto the ballot amounted to an insurmountable task.

Huge protests, harsh reactions

Just as significant as the size and tenacity of the protests was the harsh reaction of authorities.

Protester Kirill Zhukov ended up with three years in jail for tweaking a policeman’s visor. Computer programmer Konstantin Kotov was sent to a hard labour prison camp for four years for breaking a repressive law that prohibits people from taking part in multiple street demonstrations.

And prosecutors tried to strip two couples of their parental rights for bringing their toddlers to the anti-government rallies.

Stanovaya says she fears such heavy-handed tactics are bound to become more commonplace.

“This is the only instrument they have [left],” she said, referring to the Putin administration.

“They are not ready to build dialogue with liberals or the progressive class, so the only instrument they have is the security services.”

A leaderless movement

While various disqualified candidates took turns leading the calls to take to the streets, none had a national profile or the backing of a political party. Russia’s most prominent opposition figure, anti-corruption activist Alexei Navalny, spent much of the summer in jail after initially calling for people to take to the streets. By summer’s end, he had split with other activists by advocating for strategic voting rather than street demonstrations.

“This is a leaderless movement. It is driven by moral or emotional motives and they don’t need leaders,” said Lipman.

The problem of the protest leaders is that they want Putin to go away, but they have no alternative– Alexei Mukhin, Centre for Political Information

“[The opposition] rises on a crest from this political outrage that the government is unjust, the government is corrupt, the government is unfair … and then it subsides, and what is left is civic activism.”

Initially, the demonstrators focused their anger on Russia’s electoral commission but, by the end of August, the protests had become a much broader proxy for general discontent over government corruption, a stagnant economy and perceived Kremlin indifference.

What is the alternative to Putin?

However, the inability to put forward a clear alternative to Putin is also likely the opposition’s big weakness, say other observers.

“The problem of the protest leaders is that they want Putin to go away, but they have no alternative,” said Alexei Mukhin, director general of the Centre for Political Information, a Moscow-based think-tank.

“They need this,” he adds, if the protest movement is to mount a significant challenge to the Kremlin establishment.

Russian President Vladimir Putin casts his ballot at a polling station during a city council election in Moscow on Sunday. (Alexei Nikolsky, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP)

The next round of significant elections are for the Duma or Russian parliament in about 18 months time.

The extent to which Kremlin opponents will be able to sustain their outrage until then is uncertain.

Russia has seen similar large street demonstrations before, notably after Putin returned to power in the 2012 elections, but opponents were unable to maintain the momentum.

“People know how to organize around a cause when they see one, but there is no permanent political force left behind —not in terms of a political movement or a party or structures, or even political demands,” says Lipman.

Still, Tatiana Stanovaya says the current discontent in Russian society right now is “flammable” and she doubts it will take much of a spark to ignite things again.

“I think the next campaign will be rather challenging for the Kremlin.”

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Why e-books, e-audiobooks could be harder to snag at your local library

You might call her an ideal library-goer: Andrea Querido visits her local branch weekly — even blogs for it — and describes libraries as “a place of community and connection.”

And when Querido’s son was born five years ago, the communications professional fell in love with a new section of the stacks: e-books, which along with e-audiobooks, make up the fastest growing area of borrowing for many libraries today.

“You’d have those late nights and you could be on your phone or your iPod, reading, while he’s feeding or you’re changing a diaper,” recalled Querido, an avid reader and book club member who lives in Brampton, Ont.

But as any library patron could tell you, there can be lengthy waits for e-book and e-audiobook titles — especially for A-list authors. Take, for instance, Oprah Winfrey’s latest self-help title, The Path Made Clear, published in March.

“I think for the audiobook, it’s 135 days to wait. And then the e-book is something like 35 days,” said Querido. “If you’re willing to wait, it’s great. But if you want to get your hands on that, it’s kind of a long time to wait for the book everyone’s talking about.” 

That kind of wait could get even longer now, as libraries call out multinational publishers for high prices, restrictive terms and exclusivity windows that they say make it tougher to get e-content into the hands of eager customers.

Devoted library patron Andrea Querido enjoys e-books, but recognizes the challenges libraries face to offer popular titles, which she’s noticed can come with lengthy wait lists. (CBC)

Print books remain the bread and butter of Canadian libraries, but increasingly patrons are developing a taste for digital content — and they’re hungry for more, according to the Canadian Urban Libraries Council (CULC), an umbrella group representing 45 member systems across the country.

In the last three years, for example, use of e-audiobooks at six of Canada’s largest public libraries grew by 82 per cent, the council said. 

But what isn’t widely known is that publishers charge libraries a significantly higher price for digital books than print versions — both of which are loaned out to customers on a one-to-one basis. For example, one physical copy of Linwood Barclay’s 2018 thriller A Noise Downstairs costs a Canadian library $ 19.20, while a single digital copy costs $ 65, the council says.

Libraries have long been lobbying for better rates from the “big five” multinational publishers: Hachette Book Group, HarperCollins, Macmillan Publishers, Penguin Random House and Simon & Schuster. That group, collectively, controls the majority of the North American consumer book publishing market.

Now, in a world where many consumers have moved away from owning physical copies of books, movies, video games, software and music in favour of digital access via subscriptions and streaming, libraries are facing a new challenge.

‘Changing digital marketplace’

Multinational book publishers are changing how they provide digital content to libraries: rather than selling e-books and e-audiobooks for perpetual use, they are adopting a business model whereby libraries must repurchase digital content after a set period.

Hachette Book Group is the latest publisher to make this switch, announcing in mid-June that its perpetual ownership model for digital content would be replaced by a metered system where libraries must repurchase e-books every two years. The change, which goes into effect as of July 1, will be accompanied by a price decrease (up to 25 per cent) for a “vast majority” of titles, the company said.

“With the changing digital marketplace, we feel that this business model better supports our entire publishing, library and bookselling ecosystem and unifies our lending terms for e-books and digital audiobooks to make access to our catalog consistent,” Hachette Book Group said in a statement.

Penguin Random House, which moved from perpetual access to a two-year metered model in October 2018, said its decision came “in large part in response to conversations and data provided by its partners.”

Libraries are worried that digital content pricing changes will diminish what they can offer to patrons, a growing percentage of whom have turned to e-books and e-audiobooks. (CBC)

Exclusivity is another thorn in the side of library systems. Macmillan’s sci-fi division, Tor Books, and Blackwood Publishing are among those testing out embargo windows — holding back new and in-demand digital content from libraries for weeks or months, with some claiming library e-lending has had an “adverse impact” on retail sales.

On occasion, digital content isn’t made available to libraries at all. If you’re looking for the digital audiobook of Justin Trudeau’s memoir Common Ground, for instance, you’ll have to buy it from Audible.com. The Colm Feore-narrated audiobook is an exclusive, only available from the Amazon-owned, U.S.-based subscription service.

Concern over access

“It took a long time for all the multinationals to get on the board with public libraries. It took a long time before they all agreed to start loaning [digital content] to public libraries,” said Sharon Day, director of branch services and collections at the Edmonton Public Library and chair of the CULC’s e-content working group.

After “a period of relative calm,” she said, libraries are now seeing a slide backward in their relationship with multinational publishers.

It took a long time for multinational publishers to get on board with offering digital content to public libraries in the first place, says Sharon Day, director of branch services and collections at the Edmonton Public Library. (CBC)

While the CULC says it recognizes libraries can’t pay publishers the same low price point as individual consumers, they are calling attention to what they view as inflated costs for digital content and expressing alarm over the budding trend of restricted access — all of which limits what libraries can offer their patrons.

“We need to be at the place where our customers are, to be providing customers with content the way they want to use it,” Day said.

These challenges, coupled with funding cuts in many regions, hampers the core mandate of public libraries: to provide equal access to information for all members of our society, she said.

Beyond the convenience of digital content, “it’s imperative for the most vulnerable parts of our society that they have access to information.… Democracy depends on an informed citizenship,” said Day.

A patron scrolls through the Edmonton Public Library website in search of e-book content. (CBC)

And while convenience is a key reason many have become fans of e-books and e-audiobooks, for others it’s simply a necessity.

Senior citizens, someone at home recovering from surgery, those with mobility challenges, people who are blind or visually impaired, those on fixed or low incomes — there are many different segments of the population that rely on their local libraries for information and entertainment, said Querido.

“I don’t want to say second-class citizens, but when you’re talking about seniors and those who can’t afford it … you’re making that distinction.”

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Push on for fresh, local hospital food across Canada over ‘pitiful’ alternatives

Wild salmon with lemon dill sauce, blueberry soup and bone broth may be high-end restaurant meals but they’re also on the menu at some Canadian hospitals aiming to meet recovering patients’ nutritional and cultural needs.

The recipes are among dozens that have been developed by 26 people, including food-service managers, chefs and dieticians who were offered two-year fellowships at hospitals from British Columbia to Newfoundland and Labrador as part of a campaign called Nourish Health.

Its goal is to help create institutional policies through nourishing meals made from locally bought ingredients for patients who may have been accustomed to powdered mashed potatoes as a mainstay of “hospital food.”

Nourish Health spokeswoman Hayley Lapalme said the initiative, predominately funded by the McConnell Foundation, also aims to elevate the role of food as an important part of healing, though food services are categorized with other expenditures such as laundry and parking.

On the west coast, hospital staff prepare meals from traditional ingredients such as wild salmon as a connection to local culture. (Justin McElroy/CBC)

Two hospitals in Haida Gwaii, B.C., on the province’s west coast, have been part of the program that has allowed staff to use traditional ingredients such as wild salmon, cod and halibut in the region where half the population is Indigenous.

Shelly Crack, a dietician for Northern Health, said much of the food served at the facilities was brought in from other provinces and countries, adding to transportation and environmental costs when fish, berries and vegetables were available locally.

“A lot of our elders like the salmon served lightly seasoned with salt and pepper, with sauces served on the side,” said Crack, adding traditional foods have helped people connect to positive experiences from their early years, and that has promoted healing.

“It almost brings them right back to the land and memories of family and harvesting food. It’s that connection to culture and family, this feeling of well-being.”

Raising patient satisfaction, lowering food waste

Health-care policy leaders, doctors and those involved in the national fellowship will be attending the Food for Health Symposium in Toronto on Wednesday and Thursday to showcase sustainable recipes that could be included on hospital menus in 2030, decades after governments across the country contracted out food services at most facilities as a cost-saving measure.

Alex Munter, CEO of the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, said the Ottawa facility became the first in Canada to introduce room service 15 years ago.

He said offerings like dim sum, butter chicken and tacos drove up patients’ satisfaction with food from 30 per cent to 98 per cent while lowering expenses because food was being eaten, not tossed in the garbage.

“We’re about healing and nourishing and not about feeding,” Munter said of the room-service model most common in the United States.

“Since 2015, we’ve been providing local and sustainable menus for patients and families,” he said. “If your child is here you can order off the menu as well as in the cafeteria.”

Munter said the hospital’s chef, Simon Wiseman, is among the 26 “innovators” in the Nourish initiative and last week created a tofu dish as a potential contender in a competition at the symposium.

The focus was zero waste, and even the plate was made of wheat, Munter said.

Nutritionally adequate but falling short

Toronto chef Joshna Maharaj said she helped create a healthy menu at the Scarborough Hospital in Ontario as part of a one-year pilot project in 2011, when she cooked food on site with staff whose cooking skills had gone to waste after years of reheating trucked-in frozen meals.

However, she said the program was not continued due to unrelated policy changes.

Maharaj said food served at most hospitals may be deemed nutritiously adequate, but it falls far short of what is healthy for sick people, as she recently learned after a day surgery that required a tube to be put down her throat.

She said a slushie or a sorbet would have been ideal but she decided ice cubes and ginger ale would suffice after “a most pitiful egg salad sandwich with dry corners” got stuck to the roof of her mouth.

“The deep insult of it was what hit me,” Maharaj said, adding she’s decided to spend her career advocating for healthy hospital food.

“Once we deal with the food on the plate there’s a much broader opportunity for institutions to support health and wellness and make wonderful financial impacts in the local economy and the agriculture economy. We have a sad, sad lack of vision about this in the country, which is why I’m attempting to scream and yell so loudly.”

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Turkey’s ruling AK Party led by Erdogan suffers losses in local elections

Turkey’s Tayyip Erdogan suffered a severe setback as his ruling AK Party lost control of the capital Ankara for the first time in a local election and he appeared to concede defeat in the country’s largest city, Istanbul.

Erdogan, who has dominated Turkish politics since coming to power 16 years ago and ruled his country with an ever tighter grip, campaigned relentlessly for two months ahead of Sunday’s vote, which he described as a “matter of survival” for Turkey.

But the president’s daily rallies and overwhelmingly supportive media coverage failed to win over the country’s capital or secure a definitive result in Istanbul, as Turkey’s tip toward economic recession weighed heavily on voters.

Turkish broadcasters said opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) candidate Mansur Yavas had won a clear victory in Ankara, but the vote count in Istanbul was so tight that both parties declared the narrowest of victories.

“The people have voted in favor of democracy, they have chosen democracy,” opposition leader Kemal Kilicdaroglu said, declaring that his secularist CHP had taken Ankara and Istanbul from the AK Party (AKP) and held its Aegean coastal stronghold of Izmir, Turkey’s third largest city.

Defeat for Erdogan’s Islamist-rooted party in Ankara was a significant blow for the president. Losing Istanbul, where he launched his political career and served as mayor in the 1990s, would be an even greater symbolic shock and a broader sign of dwindling support.

The Turkish lira, which swung wildly in the week ahead of the elections echoing last year’s currency crisis, slipped again on Monday and was down 1.2 per cent at 5.62 against the dollar.

State-owned Anadolu Agency said the AKP would appeal in some districts of the capital.

In Istanbul, the AKP said former Prime Minister Binali Yildirim defeated his CHP rival Ekrem Imamoglu by a mere 4,000 votes – with both candidates polling more than 4 million votes. Imamoglu said he had a lead of 28,000 with only 2,000 votes uncounted.

Binali Yildirim, former prime minister and AKP mayoral candidate for Istanbul, gives a statement in Istanbul on Sunday. (Emrah Gurel/Associated Press)

In a speech to supporters in Ankara, Erdogan appeared to accept AKP defeat in Istanbul, although he maintained that most neighbourhoods in the city were held by his party. “Even if our people gave away the mayorship, they gave the districts to the AK Party,” he said.

The party would appeal results wherever needed, he added.

‘Turning a page’

Erdogan pledged that Turkey would now focus on its troubled economy in the run-up to national elections in 2023. “We have a long period ahead where we will carry out economic reforms without compromising on the rules of the free-market economy,” he told reporters.

Turkey’s most prominent leader since the founder of the Turkish republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Erdogan’s support has been based on strong economic growth and backing from a core constituency of pious, conservative Muslim Turks.

A consummate campaigner, he has been the country’s most popular – although divisive – modern politician, tightening his grip in elections last year that ushered in a powerful executive presidency, approved in a bitter 2017 referendum which alarmed Western allies who fear growing authoritarianism in Turkey.

But a currency crisis after last year’s election dragged the lira down by 30 per cent and tipped the economy into recession in the fourth quarter. With inflation close to 20 per cent and unemployment rising, some voters appeared ready to punish the president.

“Today’s elections are as historic as that of 1994,” prominent journalist Rusen Cakir tweeted, referring to the year Erdogan was elected mayor of Istanbul. “It is a declaration that a page that was opened 25 years ago is being turned.”

People celebrate after preliminary results were announced after the local elections, in Istanbul, Turkey’s biggest city and financial hub, on Sunday. (Emrah Gurel/Associated Press)

As authorities again scrambled to shore up the lira over the past week, Erdogan cast the country’s economic woes as resulting from attacks by the West, saying Turkey would overcome its troubles and adding he was “the boss” of the economy.

However Wolfango Piccoli, co-president of Teneo political risk advisers, said the AKP had lost seven of the country’s 12 main cities, even without taking Istanbul into account.

“It’s a bad night for the AK Party,” he said. “They have done very poorly in all the economic powerhouses of [the] country. For a party which portrays itself as pro-business, it’s a huge issue.”

Moody’s rating agency warned the central bank’s use of reserves last week to prop up the lira raises new questions over its independence, while uncertainty over Turkey’s policy response to recession raises the risk of further capital flight.

In mainly Kurdish southeast Turkey, residents celebrated as the pro-Kurdish opposition Peoples Democratic Party (HDP) won back municipalities that authorities had taken over two years ago, accusing the HDP of terrorist links. The HDP denies links to the outlawed militant Kurdistan Workers’ Party.

“They robbed us of our will and we overturned this,” Diyarbakir resident Abdullah Elmas said.

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Doctor buys plane, launches local clinics to quickly treat opioid users in small N.L. communities

It is 9 a.m. on a Wednesday and people are lined up at Dr. Todd Young's addictions clinic in Marystown, N.L., even before he arrives.

Shane Murphy is one of Young's first patients in this town of about 5,000 people. When he became severely addicted to opiates prescribed for dental pain, he had trouble getting help.

Murphy finally got an appointment at a clinic in St. John's, 300 kilometres away, but could not afford to make the trip several times a month, often in treacherous winter conditions.

"You're dealing with a person who is falling apart because of what the addiction is doing to them," Murphy says. "If they've got to fight for help, what are they going to do? Go back to the pill bottle. That's easier."

Young's new local clinic has been a lifeline, Murphy says. "It's in my own hometown. No one else ever offered this."

Shane Murphy gets treatment for opioid addiction at Dr. Todd Young's satellite clinic in Marystown. (CBC)

Murphy's predicament is not unusual in Newfoundland and Labrador. To avail of treatment, people often have to travel long distances to clinics in larger centres such as St. John's or Corner Brook.

Even after they get an appointment, the wait list can be a year or more before they're seen.

Young is changing that by travelling regularly to smaller communities and offering local clinics that focus on starting treatment as quickly as possible. He uses a combination of telemedicine and on-site clinic visits to treat his 525 patients.

"When someone who has a substance use disorder is asking for help, they need to be getting easy access to that help in days — not weeks, not months," Young says.

"We've tried to simplify access. We've got a rapid access program where patients from the time of referral … can be started on treatment within five days."

Young has stirred controversy in Newfoundland and Labrador. He was sanctioned by the provincial College of Physicians and Surgeons after admitting at a hearing in 2015 to having had sex with a former patient and to inappropriate conduct with another. He was allowed to resume his medical practice in 2016 but was denied hospital admission privileges by Central Health, triggering protests from his patients.

He took his battle all the way to the Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador in 2017 and lost, after which Young started his own "virtual" clinic.

His hospital privileges were reinstated in September 2018, but he has continued to work with patients through a growing network of satellite clinics in small towns.

In addition to the family practice that he started in his hometown of Springdale several years ago, over the past year the doctor has expanded his opiate addiction services to include monthly clinics in Clarenville, Harbour Breton, Marystown, Pasadena, St. Anthony, Stephenville, and St. John's. 


Deaths and hospitalizations due to opiate poisoning are on the rise in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Even though doctors in this province write more opiate prescriptions per capita than in any other province in Canada, many are unwilling to treat the resulting addictions.

The Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information reports that the number of opioid-related deaths in the province almost doubled from 18 in 2016 to 33 in 2017.

Hospitalizations involving opioid poisoning increased from 57 to 84 over the same time period.

"It's amazing, actually — [in] every nook and cranny, every small town, people are exposed to opiates," Young says.

Marystown is one of seven clinics that Young recently opened on the island in order to meet the demand for opiate addiction treatment, primarily in rural areas where the need has increased in recent years.

 "Since Dr. Young came in the picture, for any addict who wants help there's no barriers now," Murphy says.

'That's someone's son or daughter. They deserve to be respected."– Dr. Todd Young

But travelling long distances to his new satellite clinics in far-flung communities was taking away too much time with patients. So Young recently bought a Piper Navajo six-seater plane to help him and his team get to patients faster.

That team now includes an addictions counsellor and a nurse, as well as a pilot.

"When I did the math, it made sense. To drive to Marystown today, for example, would have been at least seven hours, weather permitting," Young says.

'I got my life back on track'

Kimberley Boland's main reason for getting clean was to be a good mother to her four-year-old son. She does not want him to remember her as an addict, but as someone who got help for her addiction. (Kimberley Boland)

Kimberley Boland, 25, is among the 44 patients Young sees today in Marystown. Boland had been addicted to opioids and other drugs since she was 15.

"Just being around friends, they'd say, 'Try this, try that' … and then I just couldn't get away from it.

"It was a very hard road, to the point that I didn't want to live any more," Boland says.

I didn't want to live any more.– Kimberley Boland , 25.

She tried to get treatment several times, but the lack of services near her hometown meant every attempt ended in failure. Then she met Young.

"When I first seen him, I started crying, and he said, 'Don't go getting discouraged, because everything will be OK.' And nobody says that to you when it comes to addiction. Nobody. But he did, and it makes a huge difference," Boland says.

Boland's impetus for finally kicking her addiction was her four-year-old son. She lost custody of him when he was six months old, but getting treatment means she is well enough to be a full-time mom.

"I got him back now. I got my life back on track … I'm doing school now, like, I got my life back, my friends, my family."

Kimberley Boland, 25, says addicts are looked down upon in the health care system. She made several attempts to get well, but nothing worked until the Marystown, N.L., satellite clinic opened to treat people with addictions the local community. 0:26

A matter of respect

Young's reason for wanting to treat people with addiction is simple.

"These are people, good people, and they deserve to have their disease treated just like anybody else," says Young, whose philosophy includes removing stigma from addictions treatment.

"If I was to say, 'Sorry, I don't take diabetics,' people would have a problem with that. And they should have a problem with that."

All of his patients are someone's son or daughter who got off track and are looking for a way to restart their lives, he adds.

"I'm not going to be able to help them to the full extent that I can do so if they don't feel comfortable and respected." 

Nicole Skinner, 22, is another of his patients. She became addicted to opiates when she was just 15.

Nicole Skinner credits Dr. Todd Young's clinic for helping her turn her life around. Skinner was put on a provincial waiting list for addictions treatment that was a year-and-a-half long. She got an appointment with Young's clinic in two days. (Nicole Skinner)

When she sought help from one of the province's big clinics a couple of years ago, Skinner was put on a waiting list of about a year-and-a-half. She decided to try Young's clinic in Springfield and was given an appointment in two days.

Skinner has now been off drugs for two years, she says.

"It completely changed my life, this program."

She is an animal lover, and Skinner and her partner have set up a cat rescue shelter in Marystown, where she is a patient at Young's satellite clinic.

"I can't even think about going back to the way it was before … I only encourage people to get help and to try and make their lives better, because it [life as an addict] is no way to live at all."

Nicole Skinner was put on a wait list of a year and a half to get treatment for her addiction through Newfoundland and Labrador's regular health system, but got an appointment with Dr. Todd Young at his satellite clinic in two days. She's now been clean for two years. 0:23

Testing enhances patient accountability

Young's approach to treating drug addiction also means holding patients accountable.

He has implemented on-the-spot urinalysis, which tests for oxycontin, cocaine, amphetamines, barbiturates, and other drugs. It also tests for addiction medications — methadone and suboxone.

Tests sent to a laboratory can take three to four weeks. But with on-the-spot testing, Young says he can tailor the patient's treatment to where they are in their recovery on the day he sees them.

"A lot can happen in four weeks."

Urinalysis tests with on-the-spot results mean Dr. Young does not have to wait for weeks for lab reports. Strips built into the cup test to see if patients are taking amphetamines, benzodiazepines, cocaine, fentanyl, methadone, morphine, oxycontin, and suboxone. (Eddy Kennedy/CBC News)

By using this system, Young knows at each appointment whether his patients have used drugs they should not be using, and whether they are taking their addiction medication.

Patients feel proud when their test proves they are sticking to the program, Young adds.

"They're honest people, because they've gone through a time where they've lived a lie and they're tired of that, and they enjoy the honesty."

Everyone benefits

When he began treating addictions, Young had no idea about the scope of opiate addictions in Newfoundland and Labrador. And the difficulty some people had finding medical help.

In addition to doctors who refuse to treat patients addicted to drugs, some pharmacists refuse to dispense methadone and suboxone.

Shane Murphy was one of Dr. Young's first patients when the satellite opioid addiction clinic opened in Marystown. Murphy says the treatment he gets here saved his life. (Eddy Kennedy/CBC News)

Many pharmacists in the towns where he has set up clinics have come on board, but in the health care system overall there is much room for improvement, Young says.

"My vision would be that every physician, every family physician in particular, and every nurse practitioner … would be prescribing, that they would all be part of the solution for patients who have substance abuse disorder."

Young has heard the criticism in some quarters that treating people with addictions is a waste of money. He argues that getting people healthy benefits everyone in society.

"It does save us all money in the end, and lives," he says.

"What costs taxpayers is crime, is incarceration, is secondary disease … those are significant costs to our system."

Some people say treating opioid addictions is a waste of money, but Dr. Todd Young, who flies to communities in Newfoundland and Labrador to see patients who don't have a full-time local clinic, believes everyone benefits when people get treatment. 0:55

Treating addiction goes beyond the patient, it extends to their family, their support system and their community, he adds.

"That's someone's son or daughter. They deserve to be respected," Young says.

"Everybody has a story, and I think as you go through life yourself you kind of take a few knocks sometimes, and with those you appreciate the battles that other people have."

It completely saved my life, this program.– Nicole Skinner, patient

Young has already set his sights on starting two more addictions clinics in Labrador in the coming months.

For his part, Shane Murphy doubts that he would be alive today without the treatment he is getting from Young.

"He will see to it that you get your life back on track if you are wanting to help yourself … Dr. Young has helped me so much, and I'm going to continue to see him until my life is where I want it to be."

Shane Murphy used to have to travel 300 kilometres to see a doctor in St. John's. He credits having access to an addiction clinic in this hometown with helping him kick his drug problem. 0:23

More from CBC News

Watch The National's story about Dr. Todd Young:

Addicts outside major cities face the same challenges and dangers, but the same resources aren’t available. Newfoundland’s Dr. Todd Young brings treatments options to those in rural communities who need it. 6:59

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Local sports clubs say they're left on their own to protect young athletes from abuse

This story is the second of a three-part series by CBC News and Sports on abuse in amateur sport in Canada.

Brian Jessup hasn't put on his figure skates in years. They belong to a chapter in his life that he has desperately tried to forget.

"I was robbed of being able to have a normal life and being successful," he said. "That opportunity was taken away from me."

Jessup came to figure skating relatively late, at age 10, but picked up the sport easily, and in the 1980s, was one of Ontario's up-and-coming stars. "I had huge aspirations and goals. I wanted to be the best in the world."

Things changed when Jessup was just 12 years old, and he said his coach, Kevin Hicks, a former top Canadian skater himself, began to sexually abuse him.

Brian Jessup started figure skating at age 10, and was once touted as an up-and-coming star in Ontario. (Submitted by Brian Jessup) It continued for six years.

"He was in complete control of not only my skating career but my life as well," said Jessup, now 48. He made Jessup feel "that I would be nothing if he wasn't part of my life. And he was quick to remind me of that, often."

A joint investigation by CBC News and Sports has revealed Jessup was one of more than 600 minors in Canada who had been a victim of a sexual offence by a coach, and whose abuser was charged in the last 20 years.

Jessup left skating when he was 19, without telling anybody what had happened. Tormented by his experience, Jessup ended up abusing drugs and alcohol for two decades, until he found the strength to tell his family and, ultimately, the police.

Hicks was arrested in 2012 and later convicted of one count of sexual assault on Jessup and three additional counts of sexual assault on another skater (whose name is protected by a publication ban).

Jessup said back in the 1980s and '90s, nobody talked openly about sexual abuse, and there were certainly no resources in place in his local club for vulnerable athletes.

More than two decades after Jessup was victimized, local sports clubs and associations across Canada are largely left on their own to develop and implement policies to root out problem coaches and protect athletes.

Watch Brian Jessup share his story on The National:

Brian Jessup is one of the victims of predatory coaches in Canada's amateur sports system. An investigation by CBC News and Sports has revealed hundreds of coaches have been charged with a sexual offence against a minor in the last 20 years. 6:23

For example, figure skating clubs or baseball leagues across the country may have different rules and policies, with little guidance from their national sports bodies.

And that means some young athletes are left in precarious situations.

'National level has limited oversight'

Sexual abuse in sports has been on the federal government's radar recently.

A number of high-profile sexual assault complaints involving national team coaches prompted federal sports minister Kirsty Duncan to announce new rules. Beginning in 2020, sport organizations that receive federal funding must have a policy in place to address abuse and provide mandatory training to their members.

They must also report incidents of abuse directly to the minister, and will be required to make an independent third party available to hear athlete-abuse allegations. It's something athletes from a number of national teams have been pushing for.

These are good ideas that will help athletes competing at a national level, experts say, but they question what they will do for the hundreds of thousands of Canadian athletes who don't compete in sport at the elite level.

Noni Classen, the director of education at the Winnipeg-based Canadian Centre for Child Protection, has been asked by many clubs and sport organizations to advise on best practices for child safety. She is concerned by the "chaotic" hierarchy in sport, where "no one has authority over anything."

  • If you would like to access victim support services, click here for a directory of resources in your area​

Classen said national sport organizations (NSOs) may have great policies on paper, but have little way of effectively communicating rules and codes of conduct about the way a coach should interact with a child.

"The national level has limited oversight over the provincial level. So they would have policies in place for the national level, but that doesn't necessarily trickle down to the provincial level in terms of having authority that they put policies in place. It's more so recommendations," Classen explained.

Differing policies

CBC contacted 133 provincial sport organizations (PSOs) — covering eight provinces and 17 different sports — to ask about their policies and procedures around sexual abuse. Of the 61 replies we received, 21 deferred their response to their respective NSO.

Softball Alberta was the only one to say they currently do not take direction from their NSO, Softball Canada.

Many national sports organizations CBC spoke with confirmed that they offer guidance to their PSOs, and that the PSO ultimately governs local clubs and members.

Gymnastics Canada told CBC it is "working closely with our provincial and territorial partners, however, to align our Safe Sport policies and procedures to ensure consistent enforcement and duty of care across all levels of gymnastics in Canada."

Canoe Kayak Canada said their policies are currently being reviewed at all levels to articulate who is responsible. But "regardless of the level, CKC will intervene as necessary."

Experts point out that in many cases, the PSOs operate with limited resources.

For example, Judo Quebec has just six full-time employees. Jean-François Marceau, director of Judo Quebec, told CBC they take the safety of athletes seriously, but their diligence is constrained by a lack of resources.

Noni Classen, the director of education at the Centre for Child Protection, is concerned by the 'chaotic' hierarchy in Canadian sport organizations. (CBC)

For one thing, they said they cannot confirm if all local clubs are conducting background checks on potential coaches, or offering them the proper training.

'You want to see consistency'

Experts say that for the most part, local clubs bear the burden of doing the difficult work of addressing abuse claims and athlete safety.

The Leaside Baseball Association in midtown Toronto runs programs for about 750 children, and like most leagues in Canada, it relies on volunteers from the community.

Jesse Harrison, LBA's director of coaching and development, said that when he joined the league a few years ago, he was not given any guidance from Baseball Ontario or Baseball Canada on how to implement necessary safety measures.

"It's scary that these policies and procedures aren't unified across the province or country, because it's something that needs to be dealt with," said Harrison.

"You want to see consistency across the associations, throughout the province. I would like to see if one of our players moves to another city in Ontario, that they are going to get the same education in terms of abuse training."

Baseball Canada declined to comment to CBC.

It's scary that these policies and procedures aren't unified across the province or country, because it's something that needs to be dealt with.– Jesse Harrison, Leaside  Baseball Association director

Jessup said he has managed to reach a good place in his life — he is supported by family and comfortable talking about what happened to him.

But he's concerned that kids today are no better protected from potential abuse than he was more than two decades ago.

"What tools can we put in place to make a kid feel safe enough to come forward and tell somebody?" Jessup said. "That's something that we all need to figure out."

— With files from Devin Heroux and Marie Malchellosse

Editor's Note: CBC Sports acknowledges that it has ongoing contractual agreements to produce, broadcast and stream various events with several national sport organizations.​

​For readers under the age of 18, if you have questions or have ever felt uncomfortable, talk to a parent, guardian or adult you trust. If you don't have someone you can talk to, call KIDS HELP PHONE at 1-800-668-6868 or live chat them at KidsHelpPhone.ca.

If you have something to share on this story please contact Lori Ward at lori.ward@cbc.ca or Jamie Strashin at jamie.strashin@cbc.ca. You can also send anonymous tips through CBC Secure Drop.

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