Earlier this year, NASA discovered a new comet with its Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) space telescope. The object, casually known as NEOWISE, has been closer to Earth this month than at any point in the last 6,000 years. Astronomers and photographers have been looking skyward to observe the comet, but one astrophotographer got a nasty surprise when Starlink satellites photobombed an otherwise excellent time-lapse photo.
NEOWISE is what’s known as a long period comet — it has a highly eccentric orbit that takes it deep into the outer solar system over thousands of years before it swings back toward the sun (and Earth). Astronomers believe the nucleus of NEOWISE is roughly three miles (5 kilometers) in diameter. For most of July, the comet has been less than 200 million miles from Earth, which is close enough to see with the naked eye in isolated areas. In urban settings, you need binoculars or a telescope to spot the comet.
Astrophotographer Daniel Lopez recently set up his equipment in Teide National Park on the Canary Islands to snap a time-lapse image of NEOWISE. The final image, which features 17 separate frames captured over 30 seconds is marred by streaks of light from SpaceX’s Starlink internet satellites.
VisorSat is supposed to stop exactly this sort of thing from happening. If it works.
Elon Musk dreams of providing satellite internet access around the world with this mega-constellation of satellites. There are already more than 500 of them in orbit, but the company’s plans call for thousands. To avoid the horrendous lag endemic in previous satellite internet systems, Starlink satellites remain in lower orbits. That also makes them more visible. For example, Starlink satellites ruined observations of the Magellanic Clouds at the CTIO observatory in Chile.
SpaceX has promised to address the high reflectivity of its satellite network with a system called VisorSat—essentially, fins that shield the shiny surface of the satellites from sunlight. SpaceX began testing VisorSat on satellites launched in April, but it’s unclear how well they work, and regardless, SpaceX is launching new satellites every few weeks. If VisorSat isn’t perfect, there could be a lot more ruined photos in the future. Musk claims that Starlink won’t have a substantial impact on astronomy even when there are thousands of satellites. Although, he does have a tendency to overpromise.
VANCOUVER — A picture can capture a moment, tell a story.
The photograph of Sidney Crosby celebrating after scoring the winning goal for Canada in overtime against the United States in the gold-medal game at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics captures one of the most memorable moments in Canadian sports history. It tells a story of triumph, jubilation and national pride.
“The most important thing about any photo is, when someone looks at it, do you know what the photo is about,” said Andrew Podnieks a Canadian author and hockey historian. “You don’t need a date, you maybe don’t even know people in the photo, but when you see the photo, do you know what that means.”
Looking at Crosby, his bare fists clinched, eyes flashing, his mouth set in a shriek of joy, most Canadians understand what the photo represents.
WATCH | The golden goal:
Canada’s men’s hockey team won a nail-biter over the United States on the final day of the 2010 Olympic Games, with Sidney Crosby scoring the game winning goal in overtime. Canada won the game 3-2. 0:44
For John Furlong, head of the Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games, the picture symbolizes the culmination of a Games that united the country.
“That picture, that moment, represents … it all coming together,” Furlong said. “It was almost like natural justice. It was the belief that when you give life everything you have, and you do everything you can to succeed, then 99 times out of a 100 you get the rewards.
“I think the country earned it. Canadians felt like they got a stick on that puck and they were on the ice, out there living it.”
Paul Chiasson, a veteran photographer with The Canadian Press, photographed Crosby’s celebration. The image was splashed across the country and earned him a National Newspaper Award for sports photography.
The irony is the gold-medal match was the only hockey game Chiasson photographed during the Games. Prior to that he was shooting figure skating and short-track speed skating.
Canada led 2-0 at one point of the final, only to have the Zach Parise tie the game for the U.S. with 24.2 seconds remaining. In overtime, from his shooting position, Chiasson concentrated on the U.S. net.
“In overtime … any kind of generic action is kind of meaningless, what you want is the winning goal, so you concentrate a lot on the net,” said Chiasson, who shot the picture with a Canon camera and 300 mm lens.
On the scoring play, Crosby yelled for linemate Jarome Iginla to feed him the puck, which he quickly fired past U.S. goaltender Ryan Miller.
“I just followed Crosby,” Chiasson said. “He was on the left-hand side of the goaltender, then wrapped around behind the net and started celebrating.”
You see it happen, but you don’t really know what the picture is going to be.– Paul Chiasson, Canadian Press photographer
Chiasson kept shooting pictures as the Canadian players streamed off the bench and later during the medal presentation. His camera was tethered to the computer of a photo editor, so he wasn’t sure what the images looked like.
“You see it happen, but you don’t really know what the picture is going to be,” he said. “All you know is it’s the winning goal and you just keep shooting.”
Podnieks said in other famous hockey celebration pictures, like Paul Henderson’s winning goal in the 1972 Summit Series, or Mario Lemieux scoring in the third and final game of the 1987 Canada Cup, the player is instantly mobbed by his teammates.
What makes the Crosby picture unique is he’s by himself.
“For me there’s actually, I wouldn’t say humour, but there is an oddness and awkwardness to this,” he said. “You have this incredible moment where he throws off his gloves and throws his stick in the air, then he’s waiting.
“It took in photography terms a really long time for his teammates to come in with the celebration. That’s what I think makes this different.”
There are many famous photos of winning goals. Besides Henderson and Lemieux there’s Bill Barilko scoring in overtime to give the Toronto Maple Leafs the 1951 Stanley Cup. There’s the shot of Boston Bruins legend Bobby Orr flying through the air after scoring in overtime to win the Stanley Cup in 1970.
Podnieks, who has written more than 45 books about hockey and also has contributed research for the International Ice Hockey Federation, Hockey Hall of Fame and Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame, still ranks the photo of Henderson’s goal as the top picture in Canadian hockey history.
“It’s simply not possible to beat that, the political context of that series,” he said. “To me, that will always be the No. 1 goal.”
The shot of Crosby wasn’t Chiasson’s first famous Olympic goal. He also took the picture of Peter Forsberg beating Canadian goaltender Corey Hirsch in the shootout when Sweden won the gold medal at the 1994 Lillehammer Olympics.
In Vancouver, several other photographers had similar pictures of Crosby, but Chiasson’s seemed to resonate.
“For some reason mine got a lot of play,” he said.
It was long after the medal ceremony that Chiasson finally got a look at the picture that would have a place in Canadian history.
“You’re pretty happy,” he said about the photo. “It’s more the event to me anyway.
“It’s what we do. You know, you feel really great having done it and having made the picture. You don’t want to miss it.”