The United States will leave "a small peacekeeping group" of 200 American troops in Syria for a period of time after a U.S. pullout, the White House said on Thursday, as President Donald Trump pulled back from a complete withdrawal.
Trump in December ordered a withdrawal of the 2,000 U.S. troops in Syria on the defeat of the last remnants of ISIS militants there.
But Trump has been under pressure from multiple advisers to adjust his policy to ensure the protection of Kurdish forces, who supported the fight against ISIS and who might now be threatened by Turkey, and to serve as a bulwark against Iran's influence.
"A small peacekeeping group of about 200 will remain in Syria for a period of time," White House spokeswoman Sarah Sanders said in a statement.
'A clear direction to our allies'
The decision was announced after Trump spoke by phone to Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan. A White House statement said the two leaders agreed, regarding Syria, to "continue coordinating on the creation of a potential safe zone."
A senior administration official said Trump's decision had been in the works for some time. It was unclear how long the 200 troops would be expected to remain in the area or where exactly they would be deployed.
Leaving even a small group of U.S. troops in Syria could pave the way for European allies to commit hundreds of troops to help set up and observe a potential safe zone in northeast Syria.
U.S. begins pulling troops out of Syria as Trump claims victory over ISIS: U.S. President Trump has begun what will be a total withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria, declaring on Wednesday they have succeeded in their mission to defeat Islamic State and were no longer needed in the country. 2:39
"This is a clear direction to our allies and coalition members that we will be on the ground in some capacity," the senior administration official said.
The decision to retain peacekeepers could help Trump overcome criticism that he had ordered a precipitous withdrawal from Syria that could lead to ISIS gathering strength.
More talks planned
Turkey wants to set up a safe zone with logistical support from allies and says it should be cleared of the U.S.-backed Kurdish YPG militia, which Ankara considers a terrorist group.
On Thursday, acting Pentagon chief Patrick Shanahan met with his counterpart from Belgium. Before the meeting, Belgium's minister of defence, Didier Reynders, was asked whether he would be open to keeping troops if there were no American forces left.
"We are waiting for preparation of the withdrawal of U.S. troops and we are waiting now for more discussions … but it was the beginning of the discussion in Munich," Reynders said.
Until now, European allies have balked at providing troops unless they received a firm commitment that Washington was still committed to the region.
U.S. officials have told Reuters that while in Munich last week, Shanahan held a meeting on Syria with a small group of defense ministers. In the meeting they talked about needing some sort of security arrangement in northeast Syria after the United States has left.
Shanahan will meet his Turkish counterpart on Friday.
Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham, speaking at the Munich Security Conference last week, said the top U.S. general would ask allies to contribute forces to help stabilize areas liberated from Islamic State.
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