Uneasy calm in India-run Kashmir on Islamic festival day
An uneasy calm prevailed in Indian-administered Kashmir on Monday as people celebrated a major Islamic festival during a severe crackdown after India moved to strip the disputed region of its constitutional autonomy and imposed an indefinite curfew.
All communications and the internet remained cut off for an eighth day. News reports said that streets were deserted, with authorities not allowing any large congregations to avoid anti-India protests.
A tweet by Kashmir police said that Eid festival prayers “concluded peacefully in various parts of the [Kashmir] Valley. No untoward incident reported so far.” It was not immediately possible to independently confirm the claim.
India’s foreign ministry shared photos of people visiting mosques, but a spokesperson wasn’t able to specify where the photos were taken within Jammu and Kashmir, which New Delhi downgraded from a state to two federal territories a week ago.
Shahid Choudhary, a government administrator in Srinagar, the region’s main city, tweeted late Sunday that he held a meeting with religious leaders for prayer arrangements.
Indian news channels did not show any video of street life in the region on Monday morning. In previous days, the channels had been broadcasting live video of the movement of people, cars and other vehicles in India-run Kashmir, raising hopes of a further easing of curfew restrictions on Monday for Eid celebrations.
The security lockdown appears to be aimed at avoiding a backlash in India’s only Muslim-majority region, where most people oppose Indian rule, and is expected to last through Thursday, India’s independence day.
The restrictions had been briefly eased last week for residents to attend mosques for Friday prayers, and people also were allowed to shop on Saturday and Sunday ahead of the Eid festival.
Pakistani officials visit region, voice support for people
Meanwhile, Pakistan’s foreign minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi and opposition leader Bilawal Bhutto Zardari expressed support for people in Indian-controlled Kashmir to have the right of self-determination. Both visited Pakistani-administered Kashmir on the occasion of Eid festival.
India and Pakistan have fought two wars over control of Kashmir, and the first one ended in 1948 with a promise of a United Nations-sponsored referendum in the territory. It has never been held.
Qureshi urged the international community to take notice of “Indian atrocities and human rights violations in Kashmir.” He said that Islamabad was trying its best to highlight the Kashmir issue internationally and expose Indian “cruelties” in the region.
Junior Home Minister G. Kishan Reddy said Sunday that he expected the situation in Kashmir to become “fully peaceful” in about two weeks.
Thousands of additional troops were sent to the disputed Himalayan region before India’s Hindu nationalist-led government said last Monday that it was revoking Kashmir’s special constitutional status and downgrading its statehood.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in an address to the nation that the move would free the territory of “terrorism and separatism” and accused India’s archrival Pakistan of fomenting unrest.
Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan but claimed in full by both. Rebels have been fighting Indian rule in the portion it administers for decades.